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Run Linux From USB Flash / Pen Drive

If you wanna run Linux any time, any place, any computer, try USB device. Here's what to do with popular distributions like Puppy Linux, Ubuntu, and Fedora, so you can boot up directly from your thumb drive:

Most of the time, Linux is run from either an installation on a hard drive or a live CD/DVD distribution. The first is fast, but not very portable; the second can be run anywhere you have a computer and a CD drive with boot access, but typically isn't very fast. Over the last few years, though, we've seen the emergence of something that combines the speed of a hard drive install with the convenience of a live CD: running Linux from a USB flash drive.

=> How To Run Linux From A USB Flash Drive

Ubuntu Software Update How To

One of our regular reader asks:

How do I update and patch system under Ubuntu Linux? How do I update desktop and server edition software?

Updating software under Ubuntu Linux is pretty easy. There are two ways to update software as follows:

Method # 1: Ubuntu Linux Software update using command line tools

apt-get is the command-line tool for handling packages, updating package and installing patches under Ubuntu Linux. All you have to do is type the following two command to update all installed software to latest version.

Open terminal and type the following two commands:
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade

Sample output:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages have been kept back:
  linux-headers-generic linux-image-generic openssh-client openssh-server ssl-cert
The following packages will be upgraded:
  ca-certificates cupsys cupsys-bsd cupsys-client cupsys-common evolution evolution-common evolution-plugins gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-plugins-good
  kdelibs-data kdelibs4c2a libcupsimage2 libcupsys2 libgnutls13 libhsqldb-java libpq5 libsmbclient libsmbclient-dev libspeex-dev libspeex1 libssl0.9.8
  linux-image linux-libc-dev linux-restricted-modules-common linux-source-2.6.22 linux-ubuntu-modules-2.6.22-14-generic openoffice.org openoffice.org-base
  openoffice.org-calc openoffice.org-common openoffice.org-core openoffice.org-draw openoffice.org-evolution openoffice.org-filter-mobiledev
  openoffice.org-gnome openoffice.org-gtk openoffice.org-impress openoffice.org-java-common openoffice.org-math openoffice.org-style-human
  openoffice.org-writer openssl python-uno samba-common smbclient ssh ssh-askpass-gnome ttf-opensymbol tzdata update-manager update-manager-core
  vorbis-tools xserver-xephyr xserver-xorg-core xserver-xorg-dev
56 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 5 not upgraded.
Need to get 183MB of archives.
After unpacking 119kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y 

Method # 2: GUI tool - Ubuntu Update Manager

This is a GUI tool. It works like Microsoft / Red Hat / Fedora update manager i.e. you will see a little icon in the kicker bar/taskbar when there are updates available. It will only appear when new upgrades are available. All you have to do is click on it and follow the online instructions.

You can also star GUI tool by Clicking System > Administration > Update Manager > Select Install update
Ubuntu Linux Software Update manager
(Fig.01: Ubuntu Linux Software Update Manager in Action)

Canonical Ltd. and Red Hat, Inc. today announced the inclusion of OpenJDK-based implementations in Fedora 9 and Ubuntu 8.04 Long Term Support (LTS) Server and Desktop editions, furthering the promise of Sun's open source Java technology initiative.

In addition, the NetBeans 6.0 Integrated Development Environment (IDE) () is being delivered as part of the Ubuntu 8.04 LTS release and Canonical has certified Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Server Edition on several Sun x86 systems.

Sun Press Release : Open Source Java Technology Debuts In GNU/Linux Distributions

You can install latest Ubuntu Linux 8.04 under Windows Vista / XP without creating a new parition with a new tool called Wubi. It is a Ubuntu installer for Windows users that will bring you into the Linux world with a single click. Wubi allows you to install and uninstall Ubuntu easily. This blog post covers basic installation:

With the latest release of the popular Linux-based operating system, Ubuntu Hardy Heron, the installation process just got easier for Windows users who wish to try out an alternative to Vista or XP. Even .NET developers who are looking out on trying the Mono project (the .NET platform for Linux-based operating systems) can benefit from it. All this is possible thanks to a little Windows utility called Wubi, which is an installer for Ubuntu.

Sun Looks To Open Source The Rest of Java

Sun is planning to remove the last reaming restrictions on Java to make it completely open source.

By freeing these up, Java can be fully open-source and thus be packaged more easily with Linux distributions. In conjunction with this activity, Sun is talking with Linux distributors, including OpenSuse, Ubuntu and Fedora to have them offer an updated version of OpenJDK, which constitutes the open-source Java platform. Sun plans to offer the updated OpenJDK soon and clear the last few encumbrances later.

=> Sun looks to free up the rest of Java

Ubuntu 'reaping Linux dividend'

Red Hat and Novell decided not to challenge Microsoft on desktop PCs. However, Canonical Ltd is getting ready to release a new version of Ubuntu on Thursday. According to Mark Shuttleworth:

The public perception of open source software is changing fast. French police force was currently deploying 50,000 Ubuntu-powered machines, while Spanish education authorities were rolling out 500,000 desktops with the OS. Hardy Heron also has improved support for multimedia, including photo editing, music sharing and video playback. It's a favorite version of Linux both for specialists and one that specialists would recommend to a cousin, aunt or uncle who want to have a stable desktop internet experience. There are other versions of Linux that are better for a particular purpose - but Ubuntu strives to be a general platform that is secure and self-maintained.

Ubuntu 'reaping Linux dividend'

Flickr is well know image hosting website, web services and an online community platform for sharing stuff.


Flickrfs is a virtual filesystem which mounts on your linux machine like any other partition. Once mounted, it retrieves information about your photos hosted on your flickr account, and shows them as files. You can now easily copy photos from your local machine to this mount, and it will automatically upload them to your flickr account. Similary, you can copy the files from your mount to your local machine, and it will download your images from flickr.

Manish has all the information about installing FlickerFS under Linux and Ubuntu computer.

Desktop Flickr Organizer

Desktop Flickr Organizer (DFO) is a flickr photos organizer right on your Linux desktop. helps you store and manage a local backup of your Flickr photos. It also lets you tag, organize, comment on and manage those photos from your desktop.

(Fig. 01: DFO in action)

=> Download DFO software (via Wired how to wiki)