vmstat command

Most Linux admins are not aware of hidden switch (undocumented switch) called -D. The -D option display a nice summery of disk I/O subsystem since boot time. Output includes total time spent reading and writing data, merged reads and merged writes (kernel disk i/o optimization technique) and other parameters.

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Whenever a Linux system CPU is occupied by a process, it is unavailable for processing other requests. Rest of pending requests must wait till CPU is free. This becomes a bottleneck in the system. Following command will help you to identify CPU utilization, so that you can troubleshoot CPU related performance problems.

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