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Linux / Unix Storage

News, reviews, and tutorials about desktop, laptop, and server grade storage systems. Topic includes – enterprise storage, backup, and disaster recovery for Linux and Unix like operating systems.

Book Review: FreeBSD Mastery – Storage Essentials

FreeBSD Mastery: Storage EssentialsI have been a big fan of author, Michael W Lucus for years now. I love his Absolute OpenBSD book and have yet to read one better on OpenBSD. I am also a fan of his book Absolute FreeBSD so was looking forward to reading this. I had high expectations but at the same time really didn't know what to expect other than I knew I would be able to understand it. I love him as a writer because he truly recognizes the beauty of BSD. His passion for it shows in his writing. I feel like I am the only one with these feelings and then I read one of his books and know I am not alone with this passion for an operating system. His style of writing is always pleasant and I always learn.

For me, I use FreeBSD for a number of reasons. Its stability is a big benefit to those of us who use it for work or at home. It also lets me set it up the way I want it. With FreeBSD if something crashes I have the possibility to understand why it is crashing and how I am going to handle it. If I am lost on how to handle it, this book is a great reference in dealing with disk solutions.

Cloud storage is nothing but an enterprise-level cloud data storage model to store the digital data in logical pools, across the multiple servers. You can use a hosting company such as Amazon, Google, Rackspace, Dropbox and others for keeping your data available and accessible 24x7. You can access data stored on cloud storage via API or desktop/mobile apps or web based systems.

In this post, I'm going to list amazingly awesome open source cloud storage engines that you can use to access and sync your data privately for security and privacy reasons.

Can't write to the hard disk on a Linux or Unix-like systems? Want to diagnose corrupt disk issues on a server? Want to find out why you are getting "disk full" messages on screen? Want to learn how to solve full/corrupt and failed disk issues. Try these eight tips to diagnose a Linux and Unix server hard disk drive problems.

5 Awesome Open Source Cloning Software

Cloning is nothing but the copying of the contents of a server hard disk to a storage medium (another disk) or to an image file. Disk cloning is quite useful in modern data centers for:

  1. Full system backup.
  2. System recovery.
  3. Reboot and restore.
  4. Hard drive upgrade.
  5. Converting a physical server to virtual machine and more.

In this post, I'm going to list the Free and Open Source Software for Disk Imaging and Cloning that you can use for GNU/Linux, *BSD and Mac OS X desktop operating systems.

Download Samba 4: Active Directory Compatible Server

Samba is a free software re-implementation of the SMB/CIFS networking protocol. Samba version 4 has been released. It is a major rewrite that enables Samba to be an Active Directory domain controller. I have been waiting years for this option.

Most sysadmin will run low on disk space. Users will demand more space and you need to free space. You will find out files that's a waste of space and delete it or move to an archive medium. But, how do you find the right files to delete that can help recover maximum space? Say hello to agedu tool (pronounced as 'age dee you') - it scans a directory tree and produces reports about how much disk space is used in each directory and subdirectory, and also how that usage of disk space corresponds to files with last-access times a long time ago. In other words, this command might help you to free up disk space.

Disk cloning is nothing but the process of copying the contents of one hard disk (or partition) to another disk or to an "image" file. I make backup regularly using rsnapshot tool, but I also clone my hard disk once or twice a month. This option allows me to restore my OS and installed software quickly. Linux comes with various utilities for performing disk cloning. In this post, I'm going to list my favourite open source disk cloning softwares that has saved my butt multiple times.

The iotop command is top like utility for disk I/O. It watches I/O usage information output by the Linux kernel (requires v2.6.20 or later) and displays a table of current I/O usage by processes or threads on the system. This post expalins how to install and use iotop to find out what's stressing (or program names) on your hard drives under Linux operating systems.