How do I access Linux from Windows Vista or XP or 7 operating systems?
Windows and Linux are different operating system but both can talk to each other using TCP/IP networking and special software program such as Samba. Samba is used for sharing files and printers with Linux and vise versa. Following list summaries the application name which you can use to access Your Linux server/system from Windows system.
Linux Command line access from Windows XP / vista / 7
You need to use special program called PuTTY. It is a free SSH, Telnet, rlogin, and raw TCP client for Windows system.
Step # 1: Download putty
Download putty.exe from greenend.org.uk. Save putty.exe file on your desktop.
Step #2: How do I use putty?
Linux (UNIX) runs special program/service called Secure Shell (SSH) which is designed for logging into system and executing commands on a networked computer. By default ssh server runs on all Linux server. You just need to use putty.exe to connect Linux server from Windows XP.
(a) Double click on putty.exe
A window will open as follows:
Specify your connection name by typing hostname (such as ras.nixcraft.in) or IP address (such as 192.168.1.2) of Linux server. Click on Open button to connect to remote Linux server via SSH.Click on Yes button to accept server’s host key and cache the same key.
Type your username (such as vivek) and password to connect to Linux server.
Linux GUI/Desktop Access from Windows XP
You need to use TightVNC server software on Linux and TightVNC client on Windows XP desktop. TightVNC is a free remote control software package derived from the popular VNC software. With TightVNC, you can see the desktop of a remote Linux machine and control it with your local mouse and keyboard, just like you would do it sitting in the front of that computer.
Step # 1: Install tightvncserver on Linux
Download tightvncserver here. If you are using Debian Linux, use following command to install tightvncserver (login as the root user):
# apt-get install tightvncserver
Start your vncserver (it needs to setup a new password to access your desktop from Windows XP), so type following command:
You will require a password to access your desktops. Password: Verify: New 'X' desktop is debian:1 Creating default startup script /home/tv/.vnc/xstartup Starting applications specified in /home/tv/.vnc/xstartup
How do I connect from Windows XP to Linux Desktop?
You need to download VNC Viewer client. Select the viewer executable file for Windows, which does not require installation. Download and extract file on your desktop.
a) Double click on vncviewer.exe
Type IP address:1 (192.168.1.2:1) of hostname:1 (debian:1) to connect to Linux desktop
b) Type the password you have created while setting vncserver command.
c) And within few seconds you should able to access your Linux server desktop from Windows XP. Here is screen shot of my KDE desktop:
|Category||List of Unix and Linux commands|
|Firewall||CentOS 8 • OpenSUSE • RHEL 8 • Ubuntu 16.04 • Ubuntu 18.04 • Ubuntu 20.04|
|Network Utilities||dig • host • ip • nmap|
|OpenVPN||CentOS 7 • CentOS 8 • Debian 10 • Debian 8/9 • Ubuntu 18.04 • Ubuntu 20.04|
|Package Manager||apk • apt|
|Processes Management||bg • chroot • cron • disown • fg • jobs • killall • kill • pidof • pstree • pwdx • time|
|Searching||grep • whereis • which|
|User Information||groups • id • lastcomm • last • lid/libuser-lid • logname • members • users • whoami • who • w|
|WireGuard VPN||CentOS 8 • Debian 10 • Firewall • Ubuntu 20.04|