Linux: Change the PATH [ Add New Directory ]

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How do I change the PATH settings under Linux operating systems and add a new directory to $PATH under bash shell?

You can change your PATH by editing your ~/.bash_profile file or ~/.profile file under Linux operating systems for your own login session. Open a command-line terminal (select Applications > Accessories > Terminal), and then type the following commands to edit ~/.bash_profile file:


vi ~/.bash_profile

To add /opt/apps and $HOME/bin/ directories to your PATH, append or modify the line starting with PATH:

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/apps:$HOME/bin

The “:” act as a separator to represent a list of directories. Save and close the file. Logout and login back to see your new path settings:

echo $PATH

Change the PATH For All Users On Linux

You can change the PATH for all users on the Linux system by editing the file /etc/profile file, enter:
# vi /etc/profile
To add /opt/apps directory to your PATH, append or modify the line starting with PATH as follows:

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/apps

Save and close the file.

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Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

2 comment

  1. No need to logout and login to check the details. `source ~/.bash_profile` and try `echo $PATH`

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