Linux / UNIX: bc Convert Octal To Hexadecimal or Vise Versa

in Categories , last updated December 12, 2017

How do I convert from octal to hex number using the bc UNIX / Linux command line utility?

The octal numeral system is a base 8 numeral system. It uses the numerals 0 through 7. The octal numeral system is a base 16 numeral system. The standard numeral system is called base 10 (decimal) and uses ten symbols: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. Hexadecimal uses the decimal numbers and includes six extra symbols. There are no symbols that mean ten, or eleven etc. so these symbols are letters taken from the English alphabet: A, B, C, D, E and F. Hexadecimal A = decimal 10, and hexadecimal F = decimal 15.

Syntax

You need to use the following bc syntax to covert number:

# Convert octal to hexa ##
echo "obase=16; ibase=8; octal-number-here" | bc
 
## convert base 8 (octal) number 17 to hexadecimal ##
echo "obase=16; ibase=8; 17" | bc

Sample outputs:

F

Where,

  • obase = Set output base (like 2, 8, 10, 16)
  • ibase = Set input base (like 2, 8, 10, 16)
  • 17 = Convert this number to ibase. The input must be given as per obase.

To convert hexadecimal to octal use the following syntax:

# Convert hexa to  octal ##
echo "obase=8; ibase=16; hex-number-here" | bc
 
## convert base 16 (hex) number 10 to octal ##
echo "obase=8; ibase=16; 100" | bc

Sample outputs:

400

The following will convert whole file of octal to hex, one per line:
( echo "obase=16; ibase=8" ; cat octal-data-file.txt ) | bc

printf command example

You can also use the printf command as follows:

## Convert hex # 0x100 to octal base ##
printf "%o\n" 0x100

Sample outputs:

400

Or

## Convert octal # 4242 to hex base ##
printf "%x\n" 04242

Sample output:

8a2

Please note that a hex base number must prefix with 0x and an octal base number must prefix with 0.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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2 comment

    1. Yes to convert HEXA # 1388 to Octa, run:
      echo "obase=8; ibase=16; 1388" | bc
      Where,
      a) ibase == input base set to hexa (16)
      b) obase == output base set to Octa (8)
      c) 1388 == it is an input number in hexa.

      HTH

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