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BASH Shell

Linux And Unix Command To View File

I am a new Linux bash shell command line user. How can I view a text file using command line on a Linux or Unix-like operating systems? How can I view (open) binary files such as PDF or images on a Linux or Unix like system from command line?
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Sysadmin because even developers need heroes!!!

HowTo: Upgrade To a Newer Version of Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

Ubuntu Linux version 14.04 LTS has been released. How do I upgrade to a newer version of Ubuntu 14.04 LTS from Ubuntu 13.10 or 12.04 LTS?
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Linux / Unix: Find And List All Hidden Files Recursively

I am a new Unix system shell user. I need to find and list all hidden files including directories on a Linux or Unix-like system. How can I recursively list all hidden files and directories? How do I save result in a text file?
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I am a new Apple OS X Mabbook user. I am getting an error which read as follows when I connect to any remote Linux/Unix/BSD server or machine through OS X ssh Terminal app:

ssh user@server1.cyberciti.biz
Last login: Wed Mar 26 08:45:36 2014 from 1.2.3.4
-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_CTYPE: cannot change locale (UTF-8): No such file or directory

How do I fix this error?
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Unix: Find Directory Name From Path

I am a new Unix shell programer. How can I extract the directory name from a full path (say /nas01/data/backups/file.tar.gz)? How do I get directory name from its path on a Linux or Unix-like system?
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Linux/Unix: Find Command Ignore Case Insensitive Search

I am a new Linux and Unix-command line user. I am using find command to search file called “fooBar.conf.sample” in my home directory. I do not know the case, it could be uppercase, lowercase, or a mix of both. How can search a file and ignore case on a Linux or Unix-like system?
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Minify and Compress CSS & Javascript Files At a Linux/Unix Shell Prompt

How do I minify and compress CSS & JS files on Linux or Unix-like system using shell prompt on my server? How can I minify JavaScripts and stylesheets at shell promot so they can download faster over the Internet without using any online tools?
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Explain: {,} in cp or mv Bash Shell Commands

I often see commands as follows posted on blog or forums

cp /etc/httpd/httpd.{,.bakup}

OR

mv resume{z,}.doc

What is the purpose of {,} in Linux and Unix shell commands?
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Ubuntu Copy File Command

I‘m a new Ubuntu Linux user. This seems like a newbie question, but I can not seem to find examples to copy files on Ubuntu. How do I copy file to another directory on Ubuntu Linux using command line terminal application? How can I copy files via terminal on Ubuntu Linux desktop?
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Unix / Linux: Check New Files In File System /var/www/uploads/

Recently, I switched from MS-Windows based web-server to CentOS Linux based Apache web-server. All user uploaded files are stored in /var/www/uploads/ directory. Is there command that can give me a list of files that have been added to the filesystem at /var/www/uploads/ in last 7 days on Linux/Unix-like oses?
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