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FreeBSD

How to add to bash $PATH permanently on Linux

I am a new Linux and bash shell user. How do I permanently set $PATH on Linux? How can I permanently add a directory to shell PATH on Linux?
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How to check if port is in use on Linux or Unix

How do I determine if a port is in use under Linux or Unix-like system? How can I verify which ports are listening on Linux server?
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How to automatically mount zfs file system on Linux/Unix/FreeBSD

I have created a zfs file system called data/vm_guests on Ubuntu Linux server. After the server reboot, zpools do not automatically mount at /data/vm_guests. It is failing my KVM guest machines. How can I mount my ZFS (zpool) automatically after the reboot?
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How to forcefully mark down pfSense Gateway as down

I have two internet connections (fiber and 4G LTE) configured in load balanced mode using pfSense FreeBSD based firewall. One of my wan connection is running out of bandwidth quota. How can I force and turn off this interface to save bandwidth until month end and enable it again from next billing cycle?
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cron Error: bad username; while reading /etc/cron.d file on Linux

I am getting the following error in my cron job log file /var/log/cron.log:
       Aug 22 01:59:01 server2 cron[7510]: Error: bad username; while reading /etc/cron.d/backups
I have job entry as follows to run a job at 00:50 every day for root user:
       50 0 * * * /etc/cron.d/backups
How do I fix this problem on Linux or Unix-like system?
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How to configure Wi-fi+Lan bridged access point in pfSense firewall router

I have installed wireless mini-PCIe card for my pfSense firewall. How do I configure a bridged LAN wifi access point (AP) network and setup pfSense?
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How to make disk image with dd on Linux or Unix

How do I create disk image using dd command? How do I perform disk cloning from a live Linux cd for backup or recovery purpose?
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How to configure pfSense as multi wan (DUAL WAN) load balance failover router

How do I setup a multi-WAN load balancing and failover on pfSense router with two ADSL or cable or leased-line or FTTH (Fiber to the home) connections?
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How to install htop on pfSense firewall

I am using pfSense version 2.3.2-RELEASE (FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-p5). How do I install htop version 2.x on a pfSense firewall?
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How to gzip and keep original file on Unix or Linux command line

I would like to compress a log file using gzip Unix command line utility, and I would also like to keep the original file. However, when I use the gzip my-app.log command, results in modifying my log file and renaming it my-app.log.gz. How do I force the gzip command to keep original file while maintaining the original file on Linux or Unix-like system?
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