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How to use curl command with proxy username and password on Linux or Unix

My sysadmin provided me the following proxy details:
       IP: 202.54.1.1
       Port: 3128
       Username: foo
       Password: bar

The settings worked perfectly with Google Chrome and Firefox browser. How do I use it with the curl command? How do I tell the curl command to use my proxy settings from Google Chrome browser?
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The OpenSSH project released an ssh client bug info that can leak private keys to malicious servers. A man-in-the-middle kind of attack identified and fixed in OpenSSH are dubbed CVE-2016-0777 and CVE-2016-0778. How do I fix OpenSSH’s client vulnerability on a Linux or Unix-like operating system?
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How to undefine and unset a bash environment variable on Linux or Unix

I have set the shell variable. I no longer need the variable. How do I undefine or unset a variable in bash on a Linux or Unix-like desktop system?
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FreeBSD find CPU (processor) temperature command

I‘m a new FreeBSD unix user. How do I get the temperature of an Intel or AMD processor (CPU) in FreeBSD using command line option?
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How to delete a single command from history on a Linux, OS X and Unix Bash shell

I‘m working in Ubuntu bash terminal application and remotely on a RHEL server in cloud platform. I typed the wrong and dangerous command. I no longer wish to remember dangerous command in the history file. How can I remove or delete a single command from bash history file?
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How to find out zone information for given country on Linux or Unix

How do I find out the current time for each zone name specified on the command line on a Linux, FreeBSD, OS X or Unix-like system? How do I report time zone information for Singapore or Japan on the command line?
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How to Force Apache To Show a HTTP-410 Gone Status Code

I removed www.example.com/foo/file.html from my domain. But, it is still being crawled by Google/Yahoo and many other bots. How do I return a HTTP-410 gone error i.e. tell these bots that resource permanently does not exist using Apache HTTPD server on a CentOS/RHEL/Fedora/Ubuntu/Debian and Unix-like operating system?
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How to summarize detailed system resource usage for given command on a Linux or Unix

How do I determine the system resource usage during of execution of a particular command on a Linux, OS X Unix, BSD and Unix-like operating system?
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FreeBSD Install Rsnapshot Filesystem Snapshot Backup Utility

How do I install rsnapshot a filesystem snapshot utility based on rsync on my FreeBSD server to backup my local/remote Linux and Unix-based desktop, server and laptop system?
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How To Find Out If 32 or 64 bit Unix OS Installed On Server

I‘m a new Unix system user. How can I determine if 32 or 64 bit OS is installed on my Unix server?
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