Linux burn ISO images to Cds and CD-RWs howto

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Linux comes with various GUI and command line application to burn ISO images to CDs/CD-RWs. Cdrecord is command line based application used to record data or audio Compact Discs on an Orange Book CD-Recorder or to write DVD media on a DVD-Recorder i.e. it can brun ISO images.

Find out your CDR/W SCSI address/device name

Scan all SCSI devices on all SCSI busses and print the inquiry strings with –scanbus option. This option may be used to find SCSI address of the CD/DVD-Recorder on a system:
# cdrecord -scanbus
Output:

Cdrecord-Clone 2.01a34 (i686-pc-linux-gnu)
Copyright (C) 1995-2004 Jrg Schilling
scsidev: 'ATA:'
devname: 'ATA'
scsibus: -1 target: -1 lun: -1
Warning: Using badly designed ATAPI via /dev/hd*
interface.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
Using libscg version 'schily-0.8'.
scsibus1:
1,0,0 100) 'SONY' 'CD-Writer' '1.0g'
1,1,0 101) *
1,2,0 102) *
1,3,0 103) *
1,4,0 104) *
1,5,0 105) *
1,6,0 106) *
1.7.0 107) *

In above example, my device name is 1,0,0. Now again use the cdrecord command to burn ISO image:
# cdrecord -v -dao dev=1,0,0 file.iso
You can also specify burning speed:
# cdrecord -v -dao dev=1,0,0 speed=8 file.iso

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FreeBSD Hardware compatibility List (HCL)

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Q. Can you list or tell the location of FreeBSD hardware compatibility list?

A. If you are not able to find out HCL then it is available online. Here are direct links to FreeBSD Hardware compatibility List html document. FreeBSD 6.0 Hardware compatibility List (HCL), it include following topics

  • Disk Controllers
  • Ethernet Interfaces
  • Token Ring Interfaces
  • FDDI Interfaces
  • ATM Interfaces
  • Wireless Network Interfaces
  • Miscellaneous Networks
  • ISDN Interfaces
  • Serial Interfaces
  • Sound Devices
  • Camera and Video Capture Devices
  • USB Devices
  • IEEE 1394 (Firewire) Devices
  • Bluetooth Devices
  • Cryptographic Accelerators
  • Miscellaneous
  • Visit online

Also general discussion about the types of hardware that FreeBSD runs on, various problems and suggestions concerning what to buy or avoid: http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-hardware

Linux: Find out Ethernet card driver name

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Under Linux, you use term called modules for device drivers. The driver can be loaded or unloaded as per your requirement using commands. Each driver or module gives the Linux information on how to control that particular Ethernet card. The name of each module (driver) is listed in the /etc/modules.conf file.

Command to find out Ethernet card driver name

You can try any one of the following command to find out your Ethernet card driver:

# dmesg | grep 'Ethernet driver'

Output:

8139cp: 10/100 PCI Ethernet driver v1.2 (Mar 22, 2004)

Or search a file called /var/log/dmesg:

# grep 'Ethernet driver' /var/log/dmesg

Output:

8139too Fast Ethernet driver 0.9.27
8139cp: 10/100 PCI Ethernet driver v1.2 (Mar 22, 2004)

You can also get driver name from config file:

# grep eth0 /etc/modules.conf

Output:

alias eth0 8139too

OR

# vi /etc/modules.conf

Search for eth0 string.

In above example 8139too is driver loaded for eth0. You can find out more information about this driver using modinfo command:

# modinfo 8139too

modinfo program to show information about a Linux Kernel module. You can also find out all loaded modules or drivers using lsmod command:

# lsmod | less

lsmod is a program to show the status of modules in the Linux Kernel.

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