I‘m using KVM to run multiple virtual machines under Redhat Enterprise Linux server 5.5. I’ve installed FreeBSD 7.x 64 bit as guest operating systems. How do I redirect the FreeBSD version 6, 7 or 8 virtual machine console to a serial port using virsh console command for management purpose from host itself?
The virsh command can be used to mange local or remote guest operating systems. The program can be used to create, pause, and shutdown domains. It can also be used to list current domains.
virt-manager requires GUI locally and it is slow. On other hand virt-install is a command line tool for provisioning new virtual machines using the “libvirt” hypervisor management library. The tool supports both text based & graphical installations, using serial console, SDL graphics or a VNC client/server pair. The guest can be configured to use one or more virtual disks, network interfaces, audio devices, and physical host devices (USB, PCI). You can use the virt-install to create virtualized guests as follows to install FreeBSD or CentOS.
There are various log files stored on the host system to assist with debugging KVM related problems. In this tutorial, I will cover log file locations and tools used to track down KVM problems.
Now, you have installed the KVM software and required drivers on the host operating systems. You also configured bridged based networking which will provide direct access to the Internet. It is time to create your first guest operating systems. For demonstration purpose you will install CentOS Linux v5.5 using the Internet using virt-manager GUI tool.
Kickstart is a network installation system for RHEL, Fedora and CentOS Linux distributions. Another good option is Cobbler which is a Linux provisioning server that centralizes and simplifies control of services including DHCP, TFTP, and DNS for the purpose of performing network-based operating systems installs. In this tutorial, I’m going to show you how to use kickstart file to install CentOS.