Linux RPM: View Script That Run When You Install RPM Files

All rpm packages can run scripts after a package is added or removed. How do I view pre/post install and uninstall rpm file scripts under rpm based Linux distributions?

The option –scripts to rpm command displays the package specific scriptlet(s) that are used as part of the installation and uninstallation processes. Use the following command line option to view rpm file scripts for .rpm file:

rpm -qp --scripts filename.rpm

For example, to list all scripts for memcached-1.2.8-1.el5.x86_64.rpm, enter:
$ rpm -qp --scripts memcached-1.2.8-1.el5.x86_64.rpm
Sample outputs:

preinstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
getent group memcached >/dev/null || groupadd -r memcached
getent passwd memcached >/dev/null || \
useradd -r -g memcached -d /var/run/memcached \
    -s /sbin/nologin -c "Memcached daemon" memcached
exit 0
postinstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
/sbin/chkconfig --add memcached
preuninstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
if [ "$1" = 0 ] ; then
    /sbin/service memcached stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    /sbin/chkconfig --del memcached
fi
exit 0
postuninstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
if [ "$1" -ge 1 ]; then
    /sbin/service memcached condrestart > /dev/null 2>&1
fi
exit 0

To view scripts for installed packages, enter:
# rpm -q --scripts packageName
# rpm -q --scripts httpd

Sample outputs:

preinstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
getent group memcached >/dev/null || groupadd -r memcached
getent passwd memcached >/dev/null || \
useradd -r -g memcached -d /var/run/memcached \
    -s /sbin/nologin -c "Memcached daemon" memcached
exit 0
postinstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
/sbin/chkconfig --add memcached
preuninstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
if [ "$1" = 0 ] ; then
    /sbin/service memcached stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    /sbin/chkconfig --del memcached
fi
exit 0
postuninstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
if [ "$1" -ge 1 ]; then
    /sbin/service memcached condrestart > /dev/null 2>&1
fi
exit 0
[root@txvip1 tmp]# rpm -q --scripts httpd
preinstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
# Add the "apache" user
/usr/sbin/useradd -c "Apache" -u 48 \
	-s /sbin/nologin -r -d /var/www apache 2> /dev/null || :
postinstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
# Register the httpd service
/sbin/chkconfig --add httpd
preuninstall scriptlet (using /bin/sh):
if [ $1 = 0 ]; then
	/sbin/service httpd stop > /dev/null 2>&1
	/sbin/chkconfig --del httpd
fi

See also:

man rpm

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I'm Vivek Gite, and I write about Linux, macOS, Unix, IT, programming, infosec, and open source. Subscribe to my RSS feed or email newsletter for updates.

1 comment… add one
  • Harish Feb 20, 2016 @ 19:17

    Thank you.

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