How To Simulate Linux Package Upgrade Without Installing Anything ( Dry Run )

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Q. How do I simulate the upgrade first to confirm that the actions that would be taken are reasonable under Debian / Ubuntu Linux package management?

A. Dry run is really good idea under for all production servers. You can print the actions that would normally be performed, but don’t actually perform them. This does not require root privileges. It is recommended that you simulate the upgrade first to confirm that the actions that would be taken are reasonable. The upgrade may be simulated by issuing the command:
# aptitude -s -y dist-upgrade
$ sudo aptitude -s -y dist-upgrade
Sample output:

 aptitude -s -y dist-upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading extended state information      
Initializing package states... Done
Reading task descriptions... Done  
Building tag database... Done    
The following packages are unused and will be REMOVED:
The following packages will be upgraded:
1 packages upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0B/199kB of archives. After unpacking 119kB will be freed.
Would download/install/remove packages.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

1 comment

  1. Vivek,

    I totally agree with you. I don’t install anything without first doing a dry-run. Even if you are just installing a single package, it is good to do a dry run to make sure it works properly before really installing it.

    On a side note, if you are installing a package using rpm, you can perform the following to test it before installing it.

    rpm -ivh package-name.rpm –test

    The Geek Stuff

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