Error /dev/hdX does not have any corresponding BIOS drive and Solution

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Q. After windows XP installation I lost my Grub boot loader and now when I try to run grub-install command to restore Grub in master boot record. But I am getting an error that read as follows:
/dev/sda does not have any corresponding BIOS drive


How do I fix this problem?

A. grub-install is use to install GRUB on your drive. If you are getting error try to recheck device map.

Type the command as follows:
# grub-install --recheck /dev/sdaWhere,

  • –recheck: Probe a device map even if it already exists
  • /dev/sda : Replace /dev/sda with your actual device name.

Above command should fix the problem.

See also


Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

30 comment


    I am a newbie to Linux, have put it off for about two years.

    Spent three days with trying to reconfigure GRUB, internet search require EXTREMELY focussed searches to find articles like this. SAD, but true. Alls I could do is REINSTALL the ENTIRE LINUX OS, EACH TIME MY GRUB went bad. What an idiotic approach, to a simple problem.

    ClEAR IT ALL OUT in 3 steps:
    1) fdisk /mbr

  2. I have the same problem but when I do grub-install –recheck /dev/hda I get:

    The file /boot/grub/stage1 not read correctly

    I removed the file and I get the same error

  3. hmmm…
    i tried this and i still get
    /dev/sda1 does not have any corresponing BIOS drive

    not too sure what to do other than reinstalling debian…

  4. If you are using devfs you will have no files under /dev in a rescue environment so this why you are getting this message:
    /dev/sda1 does not have any corresponing BIOS drive

    You may check if this is your case by mounting your root filesystem and issuing
    ls /dev
    you will have no files here

    cat /etc/fstab
    and you will see devfs there :)

    As an workaround you may create temporarily devices with mknod



  5. Very nice. I had this problem because I was trying to use a Gentoo live CD to recover a Ubuntu install (after reinstalling Vista (blech)). Gentoo mapped the drives in a different order and made it so my real HD didn’t correspond to a BIOS drive.

  6. hi dear

    I check your tutorial i found that –recheck is correct.thanks for your kind of help.

  7. hi dear

    sorry I have typed wrong.I check your tutorial i found that –recheck is correct.thanks for your kind of help.

  8. I had exactly the same problem. I found this topic after entering the error message in the search field. But when I run grub-install with “–recheck” parameter, another error appeared: “Buffer I/O error on device fd0, logical block 0”. I managed to solve the problem myself. This did the trick for me:

    sudo grub-install –no-floppy –recheck /dev/sda

  9. Still problems for me:

    grub-install –recheck /dev/sda
    Probing devices to guess BIOS drives. This may take a long time.
    Unknown partition table signature
    Could not find device for /boot: Not found or not a block device.

      1. The problem is simple. I already have a working system which is a Debian Squeeze. I need to restore it to another computer (same specification) after restore — I got this error.

        I’m sure there’s a better way or another way of solving this. Below is what solved mine:

        1. Use Parted Magic on the restored computer.
        2. Run the Super Grub 2 once Parted Magic has booted.
        3. Choose the one with the (……mbr…. something) option
        4. The above will give you a choice to run a system choose it to run.
        5. This opens up my Debian Desktop install and I am able to use it normally.
        6. Now open a terminal and run as root to run the command
        #grub-install –recheck /dev/sda
        7. reboot

        Number 6 will install the right grub — and you have your restore/clone computer.

  10. I’m getting this error:
    “Error 6: Mismatched or corrupt version of stage1/stage2”

    I’ve been researching google on this for HOURS now, just about ready to pull my hair out. Suggestions?

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