How do I find what dependencies a rpm file has?

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RPM is a Package Manager for popular distribution such as Red Hat, Suse and many others. It is a powerful command line package management system for installing uninstalling, verifying, querying, and updating Linux computer software packages.


You can finding out what dependencies a rpm file has i.e. it will tell you what you need to install package with following command:
rpm -qpR {.rpm-file}
rpm -qR {package-name}

Find out what dependencies a uninstalled rpm file called mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm:
# rpm -qpR mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm

It will print list of dependencies on screen (output):


However RPM has in build mechanism to tell you about dependencies. Just try to install package and it will give you list of dependencies.
# rpm -ivh mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm


error: Failed dependencies:
   mod_php is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-session is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-gettext is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-zlib is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-mysql is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   ImageMagick-Magick++ is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   tetex is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   cjk-latex is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4


  • .rpm file: File with .RPM extension. Typically this file is not installed. It may be on CD or you just downloaded from Internet.
  • package-name: It is installed RPM file.

You can solve dependencies problem by installing each individual package(s). If you are using Red hat Linux then you can try this tip. If you are using Fedora core Linux then try yum. If you are using Suse linux then use Yast to install rpms.


Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

5 comment

  1. First thanks for help ,i can’t install Python 2.3.4-2.aix5.1.ppc.rpm without error dependencies libcrypto.a,libgdbm.a,libssl.a ;
    any experiences in installing “AIX rpms” for this inconvenient? with –nodeps ???

  2. Hello,

    I am not able to figure out what is going wrong here…can you guys..have a look..and give me feedback why these packages are not getting installed…

    I want…to install

    Rhel 5.4

    please help!!

    [root@applications Server]# rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    error: Failed dependencies:
    elfutils-libelf-devel-i386 = 0.137-3.el5 is needed by elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386
    [root@applications Server]# rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    error: Failed dependencies:
    elfutils-libelf-devel-static-i386 = 0.137-3.el5 is needed by elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386
    [root@applications Server]# rpm -qpR elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    elfutils-libelf-devel-i386 = 0.137-3.el5
    rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1
    rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
    rpmlib(VersionedDependencies) <= 3.0.3-1
    [root@applications Server]# rpm -qpR elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    elfutils-libelf-devel-static-i386 = 0.137-3.el5
    elfutils-libelf-i386 = 0.137-3.el5
    rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1
    rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
    rpmlib(VersionedDependencies) <= 3.0.3-1
    [root@applications Server]# apt-get install elfutils
    -bash: apt-get: command not found
    [root@applications Server]# rpm -aq|grep elfutils-libelf
    [root@applications Server]#


    1. # rpm -Uvh --repackage --nodeps elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm --test
      # rpm -Uvh --repackage --nodeps elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
  3. hi ..
    I am trying to install oracle developer 6i on Linux 5 it’s my first time, found problem to install rpm ,
    had enough try with nothing , pls, could help me by steps i really need it.
    God bless all

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