How do I find what dependencies a rpm file has?

Posted on in Categories last updated August 28, 2006

RPM is a Package Manager for popular distribution such as Red Hat, Suse and many others. It is a powerful command line package management system for installing uninstalling, verifying, querying, and updating Linux computer software packages.

You can finding out what dependencies a rpm file has i.e. it will tell you what you need to install package with following command:
rpm -qpR {.rpm-file}
rpm -qR {package-name}

Find out what dependencies a uninstalled rpm file called mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm:
# rpm -qpR mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm

It will print list of dependencies on screen (output):

mod_php
php-session
php-gettext
php-zlib
php-mysql
ImageMagick-Magick++
tetex
cjk-latex
rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix)

However RPM has in build mechanism to tell you about dependencies. Just try to install package and it will give you list of dependencies.
# rpm -ivh mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm

Output:

error: Failed dependencies:
   mod_php is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-session is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-gettext is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-zlib is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   php-mysql is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   ImageMagick-Magick++ is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   tetex is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4
   cjk-latex is needed by mediawiki-1.4rc1-4

Note:

  • .rpm file: File with .RPM extension. Typically this file is not installed. It may be on CD or you just downloaded from Internet.
  • package-name: It is installed RPM file.

You can solve dependencies problem by installing each individual package(s). If you are using Red hat Linux then you can try this tip. If you are using Fedora core Linux then try yum. If you are using Suse linux then use Yast to install rpms.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

5 comment

  1. First thanks for help ,i can’t install Python 2.3.4-2.aix5.1.ppc.rpm without error dependencies libcrypto.a,libgdbm.a,libssl.a ;
    any experiences in installing “AIX rpms” for this inconvenient? with –nodeps ???

  2. Hello,

    I am not able to figure out what is going wrong here…can you guys..have a look..and give me feedback why these packages are not getting installed…

    I want…to install
    elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm

    Rhel 5.4

    please help!!
    ========================================================

    [[email protected] Server]# rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    error: Failed dependencies:
    elfutils-libelf-devel-i386 = 0.137-3.el5 is needed by elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386
    [[email protected] Server]# rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    error: Failed dependencies:
    elfutils-libelf-devel-static-i386 = 0.137-3.el5 is needed by elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386
    [[email protected] Server]# rpm -qpR elfutils-libelf-devel-static-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    elfutils-libelf-devel-i386 = 0.137-3.el5
    rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1
    rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
    rpmlib(VersionedDependencies) <= 3.0.3-1
    [[email protected] Server]# rpm -qpR elfutils-libelf-devel-0.137-3.el5.i386.rpm
    elfutils-libelf-devel-static-i386 = 0.137-3.el5
    elfutils-libelf-i386 = 0.137-3.el5
    libelf.so.1
    rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1
    rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
    rpmlib(VersionedDependencies) <= 3.0.3-1
    [[email protected] Server]# apt-get install elfutils
    -bash: apt-get: command not found
    [[email protected] Server]# rpm -aq|grep elfutils-libelf
    elfutils-libelf-0.137-3.el5
    [[email protected] Server]#

    Thanks…

  3. hi ..
    I am trying to install oracle developer 6i on Linux 5 it’s my first time, found problem to install rpm ,
    had enough try with nothing , pls, could help me by steps i really need it.
    God bless all

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