How to auto start LXD containers VM at boot time in Linux

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I am using LXD (“Linux container”) based VM. How do I set an LXD container to start on boot in Linux operating system using lxc command?

We can always start the container when LXD starts on boot. All you have to do is set boot.autostart to true. You can define the order to start the containers in (starting with highest first) using boot.autostart.priority (the default value is 0) option. Next we can define the number of seconds to wait after the container started before starting the next one using the boot.autostart.delay option. This page explains how to auto start an LXD container at boot time using the lxc command.


Syntax to auto start LXD containers VM using the lxc command

Above discussed keys can be set using the lxc tool with the following syntax:
$ lxc config set {vm-name} {key} {value}
$ lxc config set {vm-name} boot.autostart {true|false}
$ lxc config set {vm-name} boot.autostart.priority integer
$ lxc config set {vm-name} boot.autostart.delay integer

How do I set an LXD container to start on boot in Ubuntu Linux 16.10?

Type the following command:
$ lxc config set {vm-name} boot.autostart true
Set an LXD container name ‘nginx-vm’ to start on boot
$ lxc config set nginx-vm boot.autostart true
You can verify setting using the following syntax:
$ lxc config get {vm-name} boot.autostart
$ lxc config get nginx-vm boot.autostart

Sample outputs:

true

You can the 10 seconds to wait after the container started before starting the next one using the following syntax:
$ lxc config set nginx-vm boot.autostart.delay 10
Finally, define the order to start the containers in by setting with highest value. Make sure db_vm container start first and next start nginx_vm
$ lxc config set db_vm boot.autostart.priority 100
$ lxc config set nginx_vm boot.autostart.priority 99

Use the following bash for loop on Linux to view all values:

#!/bin/bash
echo 'The current values of each vm boot parameters:'
for c in db_vm nginx_vm memcache_vm
do
   echo "*** VM: $c ***"
   for v in boot.autostart boot.autostart.priority boot.autostart.delay 
   do
      echo "Key: $v => $(lxc config get $c $v)"
   done
      echo ""
done

Sample outputs:

Fig.01: Get autostarting LXD containers values using a bash shell script
Fig.01: Get autostarting LXD containers values using a bash shell script

Another way is to grab all lxd VMs using

#!/bin/bash
x=$(lxc list -c n | awk '{ print $2}'  | sed -e '/^$/d' -e '/^NAME/d')
echo 'The current values of each vm boot parameters:'
for c in $x
do
   echo "*** VM: $c ***"
   for v in boot.autostart boot.autostart.priority boot.autostart.delay 
   do
      echo "Key: $v => $(lxc config get $c $v)"
   done
      echo ""
done

Conclusion

You learned how to auto start an LXD container in Linux using the lxc command.

This entry is 6 of 16 in the LXD Tutorial series. Keep reading the rest of the series:
  1. Install LXD container hypervisor on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
  2. How to install and setup LXC (Linux Container) on Fedora Linux 26
  3. Set up LXD container under KVM or Xen virtual machine
  4. List VM images in LXD (Linux Containers)
  5. Upgrade LXD containers powered by Ubuntu/Debian or CentOS Linux
  6. Auto start LXD containers at boot time in Linux
  7. Command to rename LXD / LXC container
  8. Run commands on Linux Container (LXD) instance at provision launch time
  9. Use LXD (Linux containers) in a shell script to create VM when the cloud instance launches
  10. Move/migrate LXD VM to another host on Linux
  11. Fedora install and set up LXD
  12. CentOS 7.x install and set up LXD server
  13. Install LXD pure-container hypervisor on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
  14. Create snapshots with lxc command for LXD
  15. Set up and install LXD on CentOS/RHEL 8
  16. Ubuntu 20.04 LTS install and set up LXD

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Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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