How to display line numbers in vim using .vimrc file

I am a new Linux or Unix system user. How do I make the vi or vim text editor to display line numbers permanently? How to configure vim text editor to show line numbers on the screen by default? How do I configure ~/.vimrc to show line numbers on Linux or Unix-like systems?

Introduction – You type :set number command within vi or vim text editor session when you are editing the file. However, it is possible to configure vim to display line numbers by default.

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Display line numbers in vim using .vimrc

To force vi/vim display line numbers, you need to set the number flag. To do so, edit a file named ~/.vimrc. If you are using old good vi text editor edit a file named ~/.exrc:
vi ~/.vimrc
OR
vim ~/.vimrc
Press the i key to activate insert mode. Enter the following command:
set number
Save and close the file in vim.

Display line numbers on startup

Here is my sample file displayed using the cat command:
cat ~/.vimrc
Sample outputs:

call plug#begin('~/.vim/plugged')
Plug 'pearofducks/ansible-vim'
Plug 'sheerun/vim-polyglot'
Plug 'trevordmiller/nova-vim'
Plug 'ambv/black'
call plug#end()
colorscheme nova
set number

Please note that the minimum value of N is 1, the maximum value of N is 10.

Make the vim editor display line numbers by default

Just test it by editing any file:
vi ~/bin/script.sh
vim foo.c

Display line numbers in vim using .vimrc file

Configured my ~/.vimrc to show line numbers in vim

How to chage gutter column width for numbering in vim

The syntax is:
:set numberwidth=4
OR in ~/.vimrc
set numberwidth=4

How to configure text wrapping for the number column in vim

Again use the following syntax within vim:
:set cpoptions+=n
Add it to ~/.vimrc:
set cpoptions+=n

Conclusion

You learned how to display or print the line number in front of each line in vim/vi. When the ‘n’ option is excluded from ‘cpoptions’ a wrapped line will not use the column of line numbers. The ‘numberwidth‘ option can be used to set the room used for the line number. To read help, type:
:help number

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Comments on this entry are closed.

  • 🐧 Vivek Gite Jan 19, 2019 @ 19:36

    If you need further regarding vim text editor help please use our forum.

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