Turn on SELinux in Redhat or CentOS Linux Over Remote SSH Session

Posted on in Categories last updated February 15, 2010

My hosting company disabled SELinux protection. How do I turn on SELinux over remote ssh session without distributing existing networking services?

You can enable SELinux it by typing the following commands:
#genhomedircon
# touch /.autorelabel
# reboot

After reboot turn it on:
# setenforce 1
You need to modify /etc/grub.conf or /etc/selinux/config to enable SELinux after each reboot. Edit /etc/selinux/config, enter:
# vi /etc/selinux/config
Edit/add as follows:

SELINUX=enforcing
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

See also:

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

5 comment

  1. The question in the article was:
    How do I turn on SELinux over remote ssh session without distributing existing networking services?

    Pay attention to the last part: “without distributing existing networking services”

    Then as a solution is posted:
    #genhomedircon
    # touch /.autorelabel
    # reboot

    Yes I have read i correct. The last command is reboot….
    hmm . reboot without “distributing existing networking services”

    Nice article by the way…

    1. @Michael,

      Without reboot you cannot activate SELinux. However, if you do not follow these instructions many files and services such as ssh will not activate after the reboot. In that case you need to login over console and fix the issue. So once system comes online you run the ‘setenforce 1’ command to turn it on. Nevertheless, you cannot get it activated without rebooting the system. May be you need to use ksplice [ksplice.com] service based patch which allows:

      you apply 100% of the important kernel security updates released by your Linux vendor without rebooting.

      I never tried it out, but this may be the solution…

      HTH

  2. ok. got it! Thanks….

    (at this moment I have another weird situation: The CAPS lock function of my keyboard is reversed :-)… When the LED on the keyboard is ON the letters appear in lower case and visa versa… I Googled a bit but found not yet a simple solution yet… (distrubution=Fedora 12))

    Keep up the good work.

  3. Hi Guys,

    Im using VPS with kloxo panel.
    /usr/sbin/sestatus
    SELinux status: disabled

    I tried to edit config file as well

    # This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
    # SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
    # enforcing – SELinux security policy is enforced.
    # permissive – SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
    # disabled – No SELinux policy is loaded.
    SELINUX=enforcing
    # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
    # targeted – Only targeted network daemons are protected.
    # strict – Full SELinux protection.
    # mls – Multi Level Security protection.
    SELINUXTYPE=targeted
    # SETLOCALDEFS= Check local definition changes
    SETLOCALDEFS=0

    rebooting successful but still it doesn’t work,

    setenforce 1
    setenforce: SELinux is disabled

    many Thanks

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