How to execute a shell script in Linux

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I am a new Linux system user. How do I execute a shell script in Linux? How do I write and execute a shell script on Linux system?

This page shows various steps to write and execute a shell script in Linux using the Terminal window or app.

Steps to execute a shell script in Linux

The procedure is as follows:

  1. Create a new file called demo.sh using a text editor such as nano or vi in Linux: nano demo.sh
  2. Add the following code:
    #!/bin/bash
    echo "Hello World"
  3. Set the script executable permission by running chmod command in Linux: chmod +x demo.sh
  4. Execute a shell script in Linux: ./demo.sh

Let us see all steps in details.

Step 1 – Open the terminal

To write a shell script, open the terminal app. Hit the keyboard shortcut Ctrl-Alt+T:
How do I open a terminal in Linux

Step 2 – Write the shell script using an editor

Type the following command to write a shell script:
nano demo.sh
OR
vi demo.sh

How do create and run .sh files in Linux
Creating your first shell script named demo.sh

Add the following code:

#!/bin/bash
# My first shell script
echo "Hello $USER"
echo "Today is $(date)"
echo "Bye for now"

To Save and close the file in nano press CTRL+X and when prompted choose Y (Yes) to save the file and followed by the Enter key:

Writing your first shell script
Writing your first shell script

Step 3 – Make the shell script executable

Let us verify newly created file, run [nicmd name=”ls”] and cat command:
ls -l demo.sh
cat demo.sh

To set executable permission, run the following chmod command:
chmod +x demo.sh
Verify permissions:
ls -l demo.sh

Give execute permission to your script on Linux
Give execute permission to your script on Linux

Step 4 – Execute the shell script in Linux

Now we have shell script named demo.sh. But, how do you run it? Try:
./demo.sh
The . refers to the current directory. Another option is to specify the full path:
/path/to/demo.sh
/home/vivek/demo.sh
~/demo.sh

How to execute a shell script in Linux
Executing a shell script in Linux

Conclusion

For more info see Linux Shell Scripting Tutorial and bash command man page:
man bash
help read

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

Start the discussion at www.nixcraft.com

Historical Comment Archive

1 comment

  1. How do you execute .sh in Linux?
    Give execute permission to the script:
    chmod +x /path/to/script.sh
    To run your script:
    /path/to/script.sh
    ./script.sh

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