How to: Stop X.Org Server

Posted on in Categories , , , , , , , , , last updated November 13, 2007

Q. How do I start or stop X.Org from a command prompt?

A. X.org is open-source implementation of the X11 system. It is an open source X11-based desktop infrastructure. Xorg provides an interface between your hardware and the graphical software you want to run. Besides that, Xorg is also fully network-aware, meaning you are able to run an application on one system while viewing it on a different one.

Start X.Org Server

There are two ways, just type startx:
$ startx
Alternatively, run init script such as /etc/init.d/gdm
# /etc/init.d/gdm start
OR
$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm start

Ctrl+Alt+Backspace – to stop server

Press Ctrl+Alt+Backspace to immediately kill the server – no questions asked.

Agian, you can use init script to stop session:
# /etc/init.d/gdm stop
OR
$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm stop

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

7 comment

  1. didn’t work for ubuntu 9.04 at all !! could start but nit stop :-(
    and neither did the runlevels changes using init

  2. this was disabled for several versions now, use this first:
    setxkbmap -option terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp
    then you can use the keystrokes

  3. Several reasons? I just want to turn off X so that I can run the Nividia script!! i don’t understand why this has to be so difficult.

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