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How do I install an RPM package into a different directory?

Q. How do I install an RPM package into a different directory like /home/chroot under RHEL / Fedora / CentOS Linux server?

A.An RPM package that can be installed into a different directory is said to be relocatable. The –prefix NEWPATH option is used for for relocatable binary packages. It translate all file paths that start with the installation prefix in the package relocation hint(s) to NEWPATH. For example, package bind-chroot or rsync or bash can be installed into another directory called /opt or /home/chroot. First find out whether a particular package is relocatable or not using rpm -qi command itself:
$ rpm -qi {package-name}
To install an RPM package into a diffrent directory type:
# rpm --prefix=/home/chroot/ bind-chroot*.rpm
To verify package file listing enter:
# rpm -ql bind-chroot

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{ 5 comments… add one }
  • Reynold September 6, 2011, 3:58 am

    Thanks for the post Vivek:)
    It would be great if you could include the relocation concept in debain packages also ….

  • tahir April 30, 2012, 8:21 am

    sir how i convert a folder because in that folder there is exe files so i convert it into rpm form to install that through rpm….. rply

  • Sanjith November 27, 2012, 12:37 pm

    how do i remove the packages installed with –prefix directory?
    plz help

  • Felipe August 28, 2014, 2:15 pm

    # rpm –prefix=/opt/tomcat -ivh tomcat-7.0.42-8.el7_0.noarch.rpm
    error: package tomcat is not relocatable

  • nix August 12, 2015, 8:43 am

    rpm –relocate /opt/tomcat -ivh tomcat-7.0.42-8.el7_0.noarch.rpm

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