HowTo Run a Script In Linux

Posted on in Categories last updated November 4, 2012

How do I run a Linux shell script? How can I run a script in Linux operating system using command line options?

By default shell script will not run. You need to set execute permission for your shell script. To execute or run script type the following command:

chmod +x script-name-here
OR

chmod 0755 script.sh

Next, use the ls command to view permission on the script:
$ ls -l script-name-here
To execute the script, type:
$ ./script-name-here

You can also run a script using any one of the following syntax:
$ /path/to/shell/script/backup.sh

Run a script called backup.ksh using ksh shell:
$ ksh backup.ksh

Run a script called backup.bash using BASH shell:
$ bash backup.bash

Example

Create a shell script called hello.sh using a text editor such as vi or gedit:

#!/bin/bash
echo "Hello $USER."
echo "Today is $(date)"
echo "Current working directory : $(pwd)"

Save and close the file. Set the permission:
$ chmod +x hello.sh
Run the script:
$ ./hello.sh

If the current directory is in the PATH variable, you can avoid typing the ./ before the hello.sh. It is a good idea to create your own bin directory as follows:
$ mkdir $HOME/bin
Add $HOME/bin to the PATH variable using bash shell export command:
$ export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin
$ echo $PATH

Move hello.sh in $HOME/bin using the mv command, run:
$ mv hello.sh $HOME/bin
Execute the script:
$ hello.sh
Sample outputs:

Hello vivek.
Today is Thu Nov 10 17:49:15 IST 2011
Current working directory : /nafiler05/users/v/vivek/bin/demos
See also:

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

19 comment

  1. this is very good. It’s just missing one thing. the export command should be added in in the ~/.bashrc file to survive across sessions.
    $ tail -1 ~/.bashrc
    PATH=$PATH:~/bin

    or the equivalent for your chosen shell (bs, ksh, tcsh etc …)

      1. Hello Vivek, I was not aware that that image is a category link, too :) It really looks like a post image. I’m referencing this site from time to time, and I’ve learned that you have categories just now! I’d really suggest using a different method for showing categories, unless you want to hide them :) Thanks for the great site.

  2. Hi,
    I am having a problem related to this. I have downloaded an program and it has a GUI written in Java. I need to run the script to launch this program, with “sudo” privileges in order to having it running properly. I don’t want to navigate to the folder where this script is, every time I need it, therefore I first made it executable and added the folder to the PATH. Now, when I write “sudo script-name”, I get “script-name not command found”, if I write only “script-name”, it finds it but it doesn’t run properly. Is there a way to launch a script, that is in the PATH, with sudo privileges? Thank you in advance.

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