Setting bash as default shell

Posted on in Categories , , , last updated February 2, 2007

Q. I am using FreeBSD and I would like to setup bash as default shell?

A. CSH is default shell under FreeBSD. First, make sure bash is installed. Type bash to see if you can execute bash:
$ bash
If you get command not found error. Use pkg_add command to install bash
# pkg_add -r -v bash

Now to setup bash as shell type chsh command.
chsh -s /path/to/shell {user-name}

chsh changes the user login shell. This determines the name of the user’s initial login command. A normal user may only change the login shell for her own account, the super user may change the login shell for any account. To setup bash default shell for user vivek, type command:

$ which bash
Output:

/usr/local/bin/bash

Now change shell:
$ chsh -s /usr/local/bin/bash vivek
Output:

Password

Provide your login password. Verify that shell is changed:
$ grep ^vivek /etc/passwd

You can also edit /etc/passwd file and change shell (you need to login as root user):
# vi /etc/passwd
Last filed is shell
From
vivek:x:1000:1000:vivek,,,:/home/vivek:/bin/sh
To
vivek:x:1000:1000:vivek,,,:/home/vivek:/usr/local/bin/bash

Save and close the file.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

10 comment

  1. i downloaded this bashish.tar file and ran configure,make,make install,but in the end it wanted me to instal an interactive utility for chnaging the themes..i was annoyed as i was working in the console..so i deleted it..but i had already applied the exec bash comand and now my prompt is -bash-3.00#… i dont knw how to change it back to [email protected]# plz help me

  2. Hello Vivek,
    Really a great Job done by you and your coworkers, All tips and tricks are helpfull. and also good understanding for new users. Thank you again for this knid of open source work

    Regrads
    Riyad, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  3. If I missed something here then please forgive me. The question was how do you setup bash to be the default shell. Did I miss that part, or does the response only tell how to change existing accounts to bash?

    To change the default shell one must edit /etc/adduser.conf. Now, if as in my case, this file isn’t present, then you need to run `adduser -C’ to create the file with the defaults you want.

    Cheers,
    GregMo

  4. Hi.
    Followed, but still see csh welcome in new tab of Terminal in xfce on FreeBSD.
    /etc/passwd shows bash. What I’ve missed?

  5. @ Drey: You need to reboot, after that the Terminal starts with bash.
    Also you can just do a logout an then login again, result will be the same!

  6. Thanks, Querry.
    Another question:

    I’m connecting via ssh to my freebsd box:
    getting uncoloured , but bash prompt:
    [[email protected] ~]$ ps aux |grep `echo $$`
    drey 73463 0.0 0.8 4560 1984 1 Ss 11:54PM 0:00.03 -bash (bash)
    # then I’m executing bash once again:
    [[email protected] ~]$ bash
    # and voila, ~/.bashrc executes fine and I see coloured and customized prompt:
    [[email protected] 23:55 ~] ps aux |grep `echo $$`
    drey 73481 0.0 0.8 4560 1992 1 S 11:55PM 0:00.02 bash
    [[email protected] 23:55 ~]exit
    [[email protected] ~]$ ps aux |grep `echo $$`
    drey 73463 0.0 0.8 4560 1964 1 Ss 11:54PM 0:00.03 -bash (bash)

    Why at first connect ~/.bashrc doesn’t execute?

  7. @ Drey.

    You also need .bash_profile. So just create symbolic link, ln -s .bashrc .bash_profile.

  8. Wish you can help me to solve this problem ! i installed cuda toolkit & pyrit. As the installation required modifying the bashrc file by appending the following command:”PATH=$PATH:/opt/cuda/bin
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/opt/cuda/lib
    export PATH
    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH” to it, i lost colour in my shell, and the alias & the rest of directories & subdirectories are no longer coloured in a beautiful way :-( but they are all in white !!! how can i restore the same colours please?

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