Linux check BIOS settings from the command line

last updated in Categories , ,

I wanted to view the BIOS settings from Linux command line itself. I wanted to avoid downtime. Is it possible to see BIOS settings without rebooting the server?

You can use the biosdecode and dmidecode commands to get BIOS settings from the CLI. The biosdecode command parses the BIOS memory and prints information about all structures. The dmidecode is a command line tool for dumping a computer’s DMI (SMBIOS) table contents in a human-readable format. This table contains a description of the system’s hardware components. It also includes other useful information such as serial numbers and BIOS revision.

How to view BIOS setting from the command line on Linux

Open the terminal application. You must login as root to run command:
$ sudo -i
OR
$ su -
Type the following command:
# dmidecode | more
Sample outputs:

#  dmidecode 3.0
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.7 present.
66 structures occupying 3170 bytes.
Table at 0x000E0840.
 
Handle 0x0000, DMI type 222, 14 bytes
OEM-specific Type
	Header and Data:
		DE 0E 00 00 01 99 00 03 10 01 20 02 30 03
	Strings:
		Memory Init Complete
		End of DXE Phase
		BIOS Boot Complete
 
Handle 0x0001, DMI type 14, 8 bytes
Group Associations
	Name: Intel(R) Silicon View Technology
	Items: 1
		0x0000 (OEM-specific)
 
Handle 0x0002, DMI type 7, 19 bytes
Cache Information
	Socket Designation: L1 Cache
	Configuration: Enabled, Not Socketed, Level 1
	Operational Mode: Write Back
	Location: Internal
	Installed Size: 32 kB
	Maximum Size: 32 kB
	Supported SRAM Types:
		Synchronous
	Installed SRAM Type: Synchronous
	Speed: Unknown
	Error Correction Type: Parity
	System Type: Data
	Associativity: 8-way Set-associative
 
Handle 0x0003, DMI type 4, 42 bytes
Processor Information
	Socket Designation: U3E1
	Type: Central Processor
	Family: Xeon
	Manufacturer: Intel(R) Corporation
	ID: 71 06 04 00 FF FB EB BF
	Signature: Type 0, Family 6, Model 71, Stepping 1
	Flags:
		FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)
		VME (Virtual mode extension)
		DE (Debugging extension)
		PSE (Page size extension)
		TSC (Time stamp counter)
		MSR (Model specific registers)
		PAE (Physical address extension)
		MCE (Machine check exception)
		CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)
		APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)
....
..
Handle 0x0042, DMI type 14, 20 bytes
Group Associations
	Name: Firmware Version Info
	Items: 5
		0x003D (OEM-specific)
		0x003E (OEM-specific)
		0x003F (OEM-specific)
		0x0040 (OEM-specific)
		0x0041 (OEM-specific)
 
Handle 0x0043, DMI type 1, 27 bytes
System Information
	Manufacturer: CompuLab
	Product Name: sbc-msh
	Version: 1.1
	Serial Number: XXXXXXXXX
	UUID: 4F4141C0-6999-4157-8F9E-701A0C76F018
	Wake-up Type: Other
	SKU Number: NA
	Family: Airtop
 
Handle 0xFEFF, DMI type 127, 4 bytes
End Of Table

See “Get Information About Your BIOS / Server Hardware From a Shell Without Opening Chassis ( BIOS Decoder )” for more info. Another option is to run:
# biosdecode
You can also use command such as hwinfo. It is used to probe for the hardware present in the system. It can be used to generate a system overview log which can be later used for support.
# hwinfo
# hwinfo --short
# hwinfo --disk
# hwinfo --short --block
# hwinfo --disk --only /dev/sdb

Sample outputs:
Linux check BIOS settings from the command line

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

Share this on (or read 0 comments/add one below):