You need to use Proc (/proc) file system provides information about CPU and their speed which is a pseudo-filesystem. It is used as an interface to kernel data structures. It is commonly mounted at /proc. Most of it is read-only, but some files allow kernel variables to be changed.
You can also use the command called lscpu to display information on CPU architecture on modern Linux distributions.
Task: Display the number of processors in Linux
You need to use the /proc/cpuinfo file. This is a collection of CPU and system architecture dependent items, for each supported architecture a different list. Two common entries are processor which gives CPU number and bogomips; a system constant that is calculated during kernel initialization. SMP machines have information for each CPU. Type the following command:
$ more /proc/cpuinfo
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
$ less /proc/cpuinfo
processor : 0 vendor_id : GenuineIntel cpu family : 15 model : 4 model name : Intel(R) Xeon(TM) CPU 3.00GHz stepping : 3 cpu MHz : 2992.991 cache size : 2048 KB physical id : 0 siblings : 2 fdiv_bug : no hlt_bug : no f00f_bug : no coma_bug : no fpu : yes fpu_exception : yes cpuid level : 5 wp : yes flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe nx lm pni monitor ds_cpl cid bogomips : 5931.00 processor : 1 vendor_id : GenuineIntel cpu family : 15 model : 4 model name : Intel(R) Xeon(TM) CPU 3.00GHz stepping : 3 cpu MHz : 2992.991 cache size : 2048 KB physical id : 0 siblings : 2 ..... ... ....
You can narrow down the output with the following commands, to display number of processors in the system:
$ grep processor /proc/cpuinfo
Say hello to lscpu
The lscpu command is CPU architecture information helper and can be found under Fedora Linux / RHEL / CentOS v6+ / Debian Linux v6+ and many other latest distro includes this command.
Architecture: x86_64 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit CPU(s): 8 Thread(s) per core: 2 Core(s) per socket: 4 CPU socket(s): 1 NUMA node(s): 1 Vendor ID: GenuineIntel CPU family: 6 Model: 30 Stepping: 5 CPU MHz: 1199.000 Virtualization: VT-x L1d cache: 32K L1i cache: 32K L2 cache: 256K L3 cache: 8192K
Warning : lscput command has bug and sometimes in Xen Dom0 kernel reports wrong data. So please use /proc/cpuinfo for verification purpose.
Video demo: /proc/cpuinfo and lscpu command
See the following video demo: