Linux Rename Folder Command

I am a new Linux system user. How do I rename a folder on Linux operating system using the command line? How can I rename a directory via the bash command line option?

You need to use the mv command to rename and move files and directories/folders. Everything is a file under Linux or Unix-like operating system including folders.

Linux Rename Folder Command

The procedure to rename a folder or directory on Linux:

  1. Open the Terminal application.
  2. Type the following command to rename foo folder to bar:
    mv foo bar
    You can use full path too:
    mv /home/vivek/oldfolder /home/vivek/newfolder

Let us see examples and syntax in details.

How to rename folders in Linux

The pwd command shows current working directory:
pwd
Sample outputs:

/home/vivek/
mv command syntax form is as follows:
mv old-name new-name
mv [options] old-name new-name
mv [options] source target

To rename a directory called pics to mypictures in the current directory:
pwd
ls -l
mv pics mypictures

Verify it with the ls command:
ls -l
If the mypictures folder is located in the same directory as the pics folder, then the pics folder can only be renamed. Hence always use pwd command and ls command to find out your current working directory.

How to move folders in Linux

The following command would move a folder named accounting, without changing its name, from the current directory to an existing directory named /mnt/backups/:
mv accounting /mnt/backups/
You can give full path too:
mv /home/vivek/accounting/ /mnt/backups/
Let us move multiple files/folders. The following mv command moves all files and directories, including all the contents of those directories, from the current directory to the directory /raid/home/new/vivek/:
mv * /raid/home/new/vivek/
The asterisk is a wildcard character that represents any or all files in the current directory. To get confirmation when renaming or moving folders pass the -i too mv command to avoid overwriting files/folders:
mv -i file.doc ~/Documents/
OR
mv -i ExcelFiles ~/Documents/
Sample outputs:

mv: overwrite '/home/vivek/Documents/ExcelFiles'? 

Pass the -v to explain what is being done i.e. show whether file being moved or renamed and so on:
$ mv -v old new
$ mv -v file.doc /backups/

Pass the -n option to mv to not overwrite an existing file/folder:
$ mv -v -n file.doc /backups/
Sample session from above commands:

Getting help

Issue the following command at the cli to read man page of mv for all option:
man mv
OR
mv --help
Sample outputs:

Usage: mv [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
  or:  mv [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
  or:  mv [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...
Rename SOURCE to DEST, or move SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.
 
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
      --backup[=CONTROL]       make a backup of each existing destination file
  -b                           like --backup but does not accept an argument
  -f, --force                  do not prompt before overwriting
  -i, --interactive            prompt before overwrite
  -n, --no-clobber             do not overwrite an existing file
If you specify more than one of -i, -f, -n, only the final one takes effect.
      --strip-trailing-slashes  remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE
                                 argument
  -S, --suffix=SUFFIX          override the usual backup suffix
  -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY  move all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY
  -T, --no-target-directory    treat DEST as a normal file
  -u, --update                 move only when the SOURCE file is newer
                                 than the destination file or when the
                                 destination file is missing
  -v, --verbose                explain what is being done
  -Z, --context                set SELinux security context of destination
                                 file to default type
      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit
 
The backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.
The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through
the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.  Here are the values:
 
  none, off       never make backups (even if --backup is given)
  numbered, t     make numbered backups
  existing, nil   numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
  simple, never   always make simple backups

A note about rename command

Many Linux distros have rename command that will rename the specified files by replacing the first occurrence of an expression in their name by replacement. For example, the following command would fix extension of your pl files. In other words, rename all *.perl to *.pl file:
rename .perl .pl *.perl
See “Linux Rename Multiple Files At a Shell Prompt” for more examples and usage.

Conclusion

You learned how to rename directories in Linux using the mv command. See mv command docs here for more info.

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