Awk Floating Point Number Addition Results Are Unexpected

last updated in Categories , , , I am using awk to grep ‘foo’ from a text file and cacluate sum of field # 7. But, result is rounded to an integer. I need exact result such as 385858.66 and not 385858 using the following command:

grep ‘foo’ 2012-2013.txt | awk ‘BEGIN{ sum=0.0}{ sub(“,”,””,\$7); sum +=\$7}END{ print “\$” sum}’
\$682444

I want \$682444.57 as output. How can I force “awk” to do floating point math?

Floating-point numbers or “real” numbers are that have a fractional part. awk uses double-precision floating-point numbers to represent all numeric values. In other words, all numbers in awk are floating-point numbers i.e. all calculation done using floating-point numbers.

Example: Awk floating point calculation

The following example uses a file called trade.txt, which contains a list of week names as well as four profit values per week:

week1 12.5 12.5 13.5 18.5
week2 11.5 11.10 12.10 13.70
week3 8.5  8.10 8.5 12.5
week4 9.5 11.5 13.5 16.5
week5 8	7 13 17

The following awk program takes the file trade.txt and prints the sum of all four values:

 awk '{ sum = \$2 + \$3 + \$4 + \$5; print \$1, sum }' trade.txt

Sample outputs:

week1 57
week2 48.4
week3 37.6
week4 51
week5 45

The following awk program takes the file trade.txt and prints the average of all four values:

 awk '{ sum = \$2 + \$3 + \$4 + \$5; avg = sum/4; print \$1, sum , avg}' trade.txt

Sample outputs:

week1 57 14.25
week2 48.4 12.1
week3 37.6 9.4
week4 51 12.75
week5 45 11.25

To avoid surprises use printf to format text to make your output more beautiful and meaningful:

 awk '{ sum = \$2 + \$3 + \$4 + \$5; avg = sum/4; printf "%s: \$%.2f (\$%05.2f)\n",\$1, sum, avg}' trade.txt

OR

 awk '{ sum = \$2 + \$3 + \$4 + \$5; avg = sum/4; printf "%s: \$%.2f (\$%5.2f)\n",\$1, sum, avg}' trade.txt

Sample outputs:

week1: \$57.00 (\$14.25)
week2: \$48.40 (\$12.10)
week3: \$37.60 (\$ 9.40)
week4: \$51.00 (\$12.75)
week5: \$45.00 (\$11.25)

To fix your problem, replace the following awk code

 grep 'foo' 2012-2013.txt | awk 'BEGIN{ sum=0.0}{ sub(",","",\$7); sum +=\$7}END{ print "\$" sum}'

with:

 grep 'foo' 2012-2013.txt | awk 'BEGIN{ sum=0.0}{ sub(",","",\$7); sum +=\$7}END{ printf "\$%.2f\n", sum}'

You can skip the grep command and use awk as follows to match and perform sum of all \$7:

 awk '/foo/{ sub(",","",\$7); sum = old + \$7; old=sum}END{ printf "\$%.2f\n", sum}' 2013-2014.txt
• See awk command man page for more info.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter. 1 comment

1. Chris F.A. Johnson says:

There’s no need for the old variable:

awk '
/foo/ {
gsub(",","",\$7)
sum += \$7
}
END { printf "\$%.2f\n", sum }
' 2013-2014.txt