Howto mount windows partition onto ubuntu Linux

Posted on in Categories last updated November 15, 2006

Q. How do I mount NTFS or FAT paritions under ubuntu Linux?

A. You can mount NTFS or FAT windows partition with mount command.

=> Click on Applications
=> Select Accessories
=> Select Terminal
=> Now terminal window will be on screen.

First you need to create directory where you can attach windows partition using mount command (for example /media/c for C:):# sudo mkdir -p /media/cNow find out list of partition (click on System > Administration > Disks ) or use following command:# sudo fdisk -l

Output:

Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/hdb1   *           1        2432    19535008+  86  NTFS
/dev/hdb2            2433        2554      979965   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/hdb3            2555        6202    29302560   83  Linux

As you see /dev/hdb1 is NTFS partition. Now type following command:# sudo mount -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222 /dev/hdb1 /media/cTo unmount Windows NTFS partition type command:# sudo umount /media/cTo mount FAT partition type command:# sudo mkdir -p /media/d
# sudo mount -t vfat -o iocharset=utf8,umask=000 /dev/hda1 /media/d

To unmount Windows FAT (mounted at /media/d) partition type command:# sudo umount /media/d

Where,

  • -t : Specify file system type (such as NTFS or FAT)
  • umask=VALUE: Set the umask (the bitmask of the permissions that are not present). The default is the umask of the current process. The value is given in octal.
  • iocharset=VALUE: Character set to use for converting between 8 bit characters and 16 bit Unicode characters. The default is iso8859-1. Long filenames are stored on disk in Unicode format.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

55 comment

  1. there is a tool called ntfs-3g this does allow the mounting of windows ntfs 4.x-6.x (4.x includes all NT 4.0 based and hence forth and 6.x indicates all windows 2003 onwards and not vista, vista has got windows filesystem. and i havent felt like downloading the RTM windows vista so i have no clue. and you are on your own)
    scenario 1:
    recompile the kernel in debian/ubuntu/kubuntu/ubuntuk blah blah blah debian and ubuntu based arch and add the flag ntfs r/w support enable module. and then mount the filesystem from CLI using the same command as illutrated above by the guy whose site this is.
    scenario 2: go to ntfs for linux (google up, wont spoon feed, using debian means you should be confident enough to do this) and in that look up for ntfs-3g which is nothing but it enables you to mount the disk partition which is in ntfs 4-6x in read write mode. they have even simplified the command to one word viz
    # mount.ntfs-3g /dev/hda1 /place/to/mount
    # umount /dev/hda1
    command 1 mounts leaving you the hassle of passing all other parameters and options and arguements and command 2? you are on your own if you dont know what it does. ;-)
    i have followed the notes on linux-live and rolled my own custom distro based on debian (linux-live is based on slackware) but it works with other distro as well, and i have windows 2003 installed on a 4 GB compressed NTFS USB pen drive, which i often use to fiddle around.
    hope this helps apart from the one mentioned above. this is just an addon to the old bunch of tuts from this website.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NTFS
    hope this helps! good luck!
    and what a co-incidence, i been looking for how to mount openbsd’s ffs in rw mode in linux and i end up here and the captcha shows “freebsd”
    ;-)

  2. Hi,

    I’m pretty new to this. I mounted my Windows drive and everything is fine. But I still could not write anything to that drive. Tried everything like using the mount with -w option. CHMOD 777 also does not work. I can read everything . Nautilus says could not change the permission.

    Thanks.

  3. u r a God… i got into ubuntu without doing a backup or knowing wtf i was doing… luckly i found ur site and followed ur directions…. i dont think it worked ’cause i dont think i followed all ur intructions… but i must’ve done something right ’cause now i can see my windows partition and get the xp installation disk i have stored in it… thanks!!

  4. I followed your instructions and it worked. BUT I cannot access the drive. I have Vista and am using Kubuntu. My drive was originally partitioned into the C drive and a portion of that called “D” for Recovery. Iwas able to add Kubuntu as well.

    So in Kubuntu when I open Dolphin (file manager) I see both the Recovery and the Partition 1 listed in the sidebar. When I click Recovery I get the files that are listed in that section, but when I click Partition_1, the folder is empty. A message at the bottom reads “could not enter folder /media/c”. Also, am not allowed to unmount the drive.

    I’m a real Linux novice and I don’t know how to fix this. Is there anyone who could help me get access to the Vista drive please?

  5. Okay, now the strangest thing has happened. Using your instructions here I went back and umount the drive. It did not unmount as I saw it when I opened Dolphin up again. I clicked on Partition_1 and this time it asked me for a password. After I entered it, there were folders showing where before nothing had been (nor had a password previously been requested). I was able to then see my files and access them.

    I’m even more befuddled now. Can you shed any light on this (in case I run into it again somehow)? Thank you.

  6. I cant find my windows partition. I am running ubunto 8.10 on virtualbox with guest additions installed. This is what I am getting:

    matt@matt-laptop:~$ sudo fdisk -l

    Disk /dev/sda: 8589 MB, 8589934592 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1044 cylinders
    Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x0005f5d1

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 1 993 7976241 83 Linux
    /dev/sda2 994 1044 409657+ 5 Extended
    /dev/sda5 994 1044 409626 82 Linux swap / Solaris

  7. i have list like this :
    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 1 2550 20482843+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda2 2551 19457 135805477+ f W95 Ext’d (LBA)
    /dev/sda5 2551 7650 40965718+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda6 7651 16907 74356821 7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda7 16908 17168 2096451 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    /dev/sda8 17169 19457 18386361 83 Linux

    how can i do to mount sda2, sda5 and sda6?
    i’m using distro CrunchBang Linux for eee and i’m using intel atom mininote merk Forsa FS3801.

    and then my keyboard not working done, if i press shift with any number, can’t show the upper symbol on the button..
    help me please..

    thanks

  8. I have the same question as kapoios, how to make the mount permanent. The link that nixcraft provided seems to be based on reading only Windows Shares, rather than whole drives. How would I use this method, but make it start up with GNU/Linux?

  9. hi, there,
    This is Shahrasaan, i’m in trouble with my Ubuntu 9.04 once i was happy with it but sometimes before it asked me for a update and i allowed it.
    Now it’s not showing my Windows XP OS because i have updated my grub to grub-2 it shows on the startup : Debain GNU/Linux kernel 2.6.28.17 on the top, 2.6.28.16 on the middle and 2.6.28.11 on the bottom with their recovery modes but not my Windows XP is listed as it was before…. is their any thing in Ubuntu like system restore in Windows

  10. Hi,
    I got the following error when i mount ntfs partition on centos 5
    Output of fdisk
    # fdisk -l

    Disk /dev/sda: 160.0 GB, 160000000000 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 19452 cylinders
    Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 1 13 104391 83 Linux
    /dev/sda2 14 523 4096575 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    /dev/sda3 524 19452 152047192+ 83 Linux

    Disk /dev/sdb: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders
    Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sdb1 * 1 121601 976760001 7 HPFS/NTFS

    # mount -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222 /dev/sdb1 /mnt/backup_94/
    FATAL: Module fuse not found.
    ntfs-3g-mount: fuse device is missing, try ‘modprobe fuse’ as root
    #

    Can any one help to sort the issue ?

  11. Hi
    With Ubunto 10 it is easier than the methods above.
    From your top menu select system>administration>disk utility

    It shows you a map of the partitions of all the local disks.

    Click on the partition you want to mount (it goes darker) then click on Mount the Volume (just below). Over to the right you will see the mount point (e.g. /media/document).

    Check it out by starting File Browser and navigating to the mount point, you should find the contents of your windows file system.

    Simples

  12. i have a problem i can not see my windows NTFS partitions in my user, i can only see the partitions on login from root…

    please help me, how can i access my /dev/sda2 partition on login as a user as well as root.
    please reply me on my email ID.

  13. When using:
    sudo mount -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222 /dev/sda2 ~/Windows/C:
    I get:
    Mount is denied because the NTFS volume is already exclusively opened. The volume may be already mounted, or another software may use it which could be identified for example by the help of the ‘fuser’ command.
    However, when I run this:
    fuser -a
    I get:
    No process specification given

    Thanks for helping a n00b.

  14. Hello, I followed your tutorial but it didn’t work on Ubuntu 11.04. My laptop has 2 hard drives, one of which holds the Linux OS and its partitions and the other is a NTFS file archive. I can’t access the NTFS volume, although I have no problem with external hard drives. Here’s my terminal’s output

    sudo fdisk -l

    Disco /dev/sda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 byte
    255 testine, 63 settori/tracce, 9729 cilindri
    Unità = cilindri di 16065 * 512 = 8225280 byte
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Identificativo disco: 0x000cda23

    Dispositivo Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 1 9534 76578816 83 Linux
    /dev/sda2 9534 9730 1569793 5 Esteso
    /dev/sda5 9534 9730 1569792 82 Linux swap / Solaris

    Disco /dev/sdb: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 byte
    255 testine, 63 settori/tracce, 9729 cilindri
    Unità = cilindri di 16065 * 512 = 8225280 byte
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Identificativo disco: 0x754d5e9b

    Questa non sembra una tabella delle partizioni.
    Probabilmente è stato scelto il dispositivo sbagliato.

    Dispositivo Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sdb1 ? 1 9729 78148161 7 HPFS/NTFS

    When i then do

    sudo ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /media/d

    ntfs-3g: Failed to access volume ‘/dev/sdb1’: File o directory non esistente

    ntfs-3g 2010.8.8 external FUSE 28 – Third Generation NTFS Driver
    Configuration type 1, XATTRS are on, POSIX ACLS are off

    Copyright (C) 2005-2007 Yura Pakhuchiy
    Copyright (C) 2006-2009 Szabolcs Szakacsits
    Copyright (C) 2007-2010 Jean-Pierre Andre
    Copyright (C) 2009 Erik Larsson

    Usage: ntfs-3g [-o option[,…]]

    Options: ro (read-only mount), remove_hiberfile, uid=, gid=,
    umask=, fmask=, dmask=, streams_interface=, syncio.
    Please see the details in the manual (type: man ntfs-3g).

    Example: ntfs-3g /dev/sda1 /mnt/windows

    Ntfs-3g news, support and information: http://ntfs-3g.org

  15. Hi JJ

    Did you try my method above (October 2010)? (using disk utility, no need to type anything!)

    I’ve also got one PC mounting its NTFS disk automatically at startup by editing the fstab file. I could show you the script if you wanted, it is very easy.

    Mike

  16. Hi,

    Initially I have windows 7, i did two partition of disk. I installed ubuntu 11.04 Natty on free disk, after completion of installation, when i reboot the system, it is not listing windows 7 option in prompt and also it is not showing data in the ubnuntu. It is showing that Unknown for this System->Administration->Disk.
    Please give the solution how can i get my data back?
    Thanks,
    Jagdish

  17. Hi,
    I tried to mount
    using following steps
    jagdish@jagdish-ThinkPad-T420:~$ sudo mkdir -p /media/c
    jagdish@jagdish-ThinkPad-T420:~$ sudo fdisk -l

    Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders
    Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x2ed1e535

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 1 32517 261186584 7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda2 32517 33003 3905537 5 Extended
    /dev/sda3 33003 60802 223291392 83 Linux
    /dev/sda5 32517 33003 3905536 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    jagdish@jagdish-ThinkPad-T420:~$ sudo mount -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222 /dev/hdb1 /media/c
    ntfs-3g: Failed to access volume ‘/dev/hdb1’: No such file or directory

    ntfs-3g 2010.8.8 external FUSE 28 – Third Generation NTFS Driver
    Configuration type 1, XATTRS are on, POSIX ACLS are off

    Copyright (C) 2005-2007 Yura Pakhuchiy
    Copyright (C) 2006-2009 Szabolcs Szakacsits
    Copyright (C) 2007-2010 Jean-Pierre Andre
    Copyright (C) 2009 Erik Larsson

    Usage: ntfs-3g [-o option[,…]]

    Options: ro (read-only mount), remove_hiberfile, uid=, gid=,
    umask=, fmask=, dmask=, streams_interface=, syncio.
    Please see the details in the manual (type: man ntfs-3g).

    Example: ntfs-3g /dev/sda1 /mnt/windows

    Ntfs-3g news, support and information: http://ntfs-3g.org
    jagdish@jagdish-ThinkPad-T420:~$

    Got above error

  18. fdisk -l

    Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x54d27ed7

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 2048 2459647 1228800 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda2 2459648 956291071 476915712 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda3 956291072 976771071 10240000 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

    I have created a mount point as /media/windows.
    When I try to mount /dev/sda2 to the above mount point, I get an error as follows:

    mount -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222 /dev/sda2 /media/windows
    Mount is denied because the NTFS volume is already exclusively opened.
    The volume may be already mounted, or another software may use it which
    could be identified for example by the help of the ‘fuser’ command.

    How do I fix this. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.

    1. You have to check first if the drive is already mounted or no:
      # df -h
      if the drive is already mounted u have to unmount then mount again to the new mounting point.
      And better u use the command ntfs-3g cause mount didn’t work very good with me:

      # sudo ntfs-3g /dev/sda2 /media/windows

      It worked for me I hope it will for u too.

  19. I don’t think that is a problem but I am not sure I understand you correctly. Disks are usually called C (etc) in Microsoft Windows. Do you mean your 60Gb directory is on the Windows disk or the Ubuntu disk?

    Whatever, I think you are asking: if the mount point on the Ubuntu disk has to have as much available space as the size of the disk you are going to mount? Good news, it doesn’t. The mount point takes just a few bites out of the Ubuntu available disk space. The disk you are mounting can be any size.

  20. Thank you, helped me when acessing my document from Windows. I can’t make any thing that is graphic and require my password. Do have some command from terminal which fix it? And, when I boot my computer, Lxpanel do not loads and I use CTRL-ALT-T. Some Other Command?

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