Restart Httpd Server

Posted on in Categories , , , last updated April 18, 2008

Q. I’m using CentOS / RHEL / Fedora Linux server and I’d like to restart my httpd server after making some changes to httpd.conf file. How do I restart httpd?

A. You can use service command to restart httpd. Another option is use /etc/init.d/httpd service script.

Login as root user and type the following commands:

Task: Start httpd server:

# service httpd start

Task: Restart httpd server:

# service httpd restart

Task: Stop httpd server:

# service httpd stop
Please note that restart option is a shorthand way of stopping and then starting the Apache HTTPd Server. You need to restart server whenever you make changes to httpd.conf file. It is also good idea to check configuration error before typing restart option:
# httpd -t
# httpd -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS

Sample output:

Syntax OK

Now restart httpd server:
# service httpd restart
Where,

  • -t : Run syntax check for config files
  • -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS : Run syntax check for config files and show parsed settings only for vhost.

/etc/init.d/httpd script

You can also use following command:
# /etc/init.d/httpd restart
# /etc/init.d/httpd start
# /etc/init.d/httpd stop

A note about Debian / Ubuntu Linux

Type the following command under Debian / Ubuntu Linux:
# /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
# /etc/init.d/apache2 stop
# /etc/init.d/apache2 start

You can also use service command under Debian / Ubuntu Linux:
# service apache2 restart
# service apache2 stop
# service apache2 start

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

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  1. Not able to start httpd service, because of following error..

    [[email protected] ~]# service httpd start
    Starting httpd: httpd: Could not determine the server’s fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
    (30)Read-only file system: httpd: could not open error log file /etc/httpd/logs/error_log.
    Unable to open logs
    [FAILED]

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