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apt-get command

Ubuntu Linux LTS: Force Kernel Package Updates Which Have Been Kept Back

I am using Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS (“precise”). I am trying to upgrade all packages using kernel via apt-get upgrade method. But, I am getting the following message:

apt-get upgrade
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following packages have been kept back:
linux-headers-virtual linux-image-virtual mysql-client-5.5 mysql-server-5.5
mysql-server-core-5.5

The following packages will be upgraded:
base-files dosfstools linux-libc-dev linux-libc-dev:i386
4 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 5 not upgraded.
Need to get 1,847 kB of archives.
After this operation, 2,048 B of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?


How do I fix this issue and install linux-headers-virtual linux-image-virtual packages which have been kept back in Ubuntu Linux LTS version 12.04.2?
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W: TMPDIR is Mounted noexec, Will Not Cache Run Scripts Error and Solution

I mount /tmp with nodev, nosuid, and noexec options to increase the security of my Linux based web server. And, whenever I ran apt-get install or apt-get upgrade command, I am getting the following error:

apt-get install linux-generic linux-headers-generic linux-image-generic
.....
....
..
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-43-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-43-generic
....
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
Processing triggers for initramfs-tools ...
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-43-generic
W: TMPDIR is mounted noexec, will not cache run scripts.
....
...

How do I fix this problem without compromising security of the data or web-server?
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Debian / Ubuntu: apt-get Force Reinstall Package

I am a new Debian Linux v.7.x / Ubuntu Linux LTS user. How do I reinstall a package using apt-get command line?
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Debian 7 Wheezy: Install Flash Player

I am a new Debian Linux version 7 user. I found out that Pandora player is not working due to Adobe flash player. How do I install and use flash player on Debian 7 with Firefox browser?
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Ubuntu Linux: Install vim Text Editor

I recently switched from OS X to Ubuntu. When I run the ‘vim file.c’ command at terminal, I see an error message that read as follows:

The program ‘vim’ can be found in the following packages:
* vim
* vim-gnome

* vim-tiny
* vim-athena
* vim-gtk
* vim-nox
Try: apt-get install <selected package>

How do I fix this problem and why vim is not a default text editor on Ubuntu Linux? How can I install full-fledged vim text editor in Ubuntu Linux?
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Nginx: SPDY SSL Installation and Configuration On a Debian / Ubuntu Linux

Google Chrome/Chromium, Firefox and Opera browser support SPDY networking protocol. It enables faster browsing on supported sites. SPDY is similar to HTTP, with particular goals to reduce web page load latency and improve web security. SPDY achieves reduced latency through compression, multiplexing, and prioritization. How do I enable nginx SPDY support running on Debian or Ubuntu Linux server?
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Ubuntu Linux: Install Latest Oracle Java 7

I am a network admin who recently made the switch from MS-Windows to Ubuntu Linux. I need to use Java and Firefox web browser plugin to run java applet. I am unable to access many devices such as Firewall appliance, LBS/VPX, and network equipments due to Ubuntu’s incompatible openjdk and icedtea plugin. I also searched software center but unable to find Oracle Java 7. How do I install Oracle Java 7 and get rid of this incompatibility problems on Ubuntu Linux amd64 v12.04 LTS or v13.04+?
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Linux: Dell Laptop Fan Control And Get CPU Temperature

I have installed Debian or Ubuntu Linux on Dell Inspiron / Latitude / Precision / Vostro laptop. How do I see the current CPU temperature? How do I control and see fan status on Dell laptop?
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Ubuntu Linux: Install Google Chrome Browser Command

I am unable to find Google Chrome Browser in Ubuntu software center. How do I install Google Chrome in Ubuntu version 12.04 LTS or v13.04 using command line options?
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Debian Linux: Upgrade v6.0.x Squeeze to v7.0.0 Wheezy

Recently Debian Linux version 7.0 (“Wheezy”) released. This version shipped with many new features – improvements to multimedia support, improved security through hardening flags and the OpenStack suite and the Xen Cloud Platform to name a few. How do I upgrades from Debian Linux version 6.x.x (squeeze) to the latest version 7.0.0 wheezy using command line options? How do I upgrade my Debian 6.x server to 7.x over the ssh session?
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