E: Archive directory /var/cache/apt/archives/partial is missing Error and Solution

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I‘m trying to install mysql-server package under Debian using the following command:

apt-get install mysql-server-5.0 mysql-common

But I’m getting an error which read as follows:

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
libdevel-symdump-perl liburi-perl libhtml-parser-perl libapr1 libhtml-tree-perl libpq5 libhtml-tagset-perl libwww-perl
Use ‘apt-get autoremove’ to remove them.
The following extra packages will be installed:
libdbd-mysql-perl libmysqlclient15off mysql-client-5.0
Suggested packages:
The following NEW packages will be installed:
libdbd-mysql-perl libmysqlclient15off mysql-client-5.0 mysql-common mysql-server-5.0
0 upgraded, 5 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
E: Archive directory /var/cache/apt/archives/partial is missing.

How do I fix the problem?

Ubuntu Linux – How Do I install .deb Packages?

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I am a new Ubuntu Linux user. How can I install a package called package.deb? Can I use Synaptic front-end package management tool to install packages from the CD or Internet such as apt command or apt-get command. However, I would like to install a special .deb file. How do I install .deb package from the terminal using command line option in Ubuntu Linux or Debian Linux?