How to: Stop X.Org Server

Posted on in Categories , , , , , , , , , last updated November 13, 2007

Q. How do I start or stop X.Org from a command prompt?

A. is open-source implementation of the X11 system. It is an open source X11-based desktop infrastructure. Xorg provides an interface between your hardware and the graphical software you want to run. Besides that, Xorg is also fully network-aware, meaning you are able to run an application on one system while viewing it on a different one.

Start X.Org Server

There are two ways, just type startx:
$ startx
Alternatively, run init script such as /etc/init.d/gdm
# /etc/init.d/gdm start
$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm start

Ctrl+Alt+Backspace – to stop server

Press Ctrl+Alt+Backspace to immediately kill the server – no questions asked.

Agian, you can use init script to stop session:
# /etc/init.d/gdm stop
$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm stop

Debian or Ubuntu Linux runlevel configuration tool to start service

Posted on in Categories , , last updated September 27, 2007

Q. Under Red Hat or Cent OS chkconfig command provides a simple command-line tool for maintaining the /etc/rc[0-6].d directory hierarchy by relieving system administrators of the task of directly manipulating the numerous symbolic links in those directories. How do I control (or maintain Ubuntu runlevel) startup service under Debian or Ubuntu Linux with command line tool?

A. chkconfig is Redhat and friends only command. Debian or Ubuntu Linux offers different tools or command for same task.

Task: Command line tool to manage services / Ubuntu runlevel

update-rc.d automatically updates the System V style init script links /etc/rcrunlevel.d/NNname to scripts /etc/init.d/name. These are run by init when changing runlevels and are generally used to start and stop. For example turn on ssh service type the command:
# update-rc.d ssh defaultsOR$ sudo update-rc.d ssh defaults

Task: Remove service

Again use update-rc.d command:
# update-rc.d SERVICE-NAME removeOR$ sudo update-rc.d SERVICE-NAME remove

Task: Use Text based GUI Runlevel configuration tool to add or remove services

rcconf is Debian runlevel configuration tool. Rcconf allows you to control which services are started when the system boots up or reboots. It displays a menu of all the services which could be started at boot. The ones that are configured to do so are marked and you can toggle individual services on and off. If rcconf is not installed use apt-get command:
# apt-get install rcconfOR$ sudo apt-get install rcconf Now run rcconf and just follow on screen instructions:
# rcconf