Ubuntu Linux Configure Gateway / Default Routing IP Address

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Q. How do I configure default router or gateway IP address under Ubuntu Linux / Debian Linux? How do I change default router / gateway IP under Ubuntu Linux?

A. You can easily configure default router or gateway IP address under Debian / Ubuntu Linux by editing /etc/network/interfaces network configuration file. This file defines how you configure and how your system is connected to the network.

Ubuntu Linux Configure Default Gateway

Open /etc/network/interfaces file:
$ sudo vi /etc/network/interfaces
Set gateway using following syntax:
gateway {router-ip}
For example, set gateway to 192.168.1.254, enter:
gateway 192.168.1.254
At the end it should look like as follows:
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.1.1
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 192.168.1.254

Save and close the file. Restart networking:
$ sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart
Verify new routing is working, enter:
$ ping 192.168.1.254
$ route -n
$ host google.com

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

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