How to: Find Out Whether a UNIX / Linux Process Is Running or Not

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Q. I’d like to find out if httpd / mysqld or sshd process is running or not under CentOS Linux server. How do I determine whether a process is running or not?

A. You need to use following commands:

[a] ps – It report a snapshot of the current processes

[b] grep – Filter out process names

Find out if sshd is Process is Running or Not

Type the following command at shell prompt:
$ ps -ewwo pid,args | grep [s]sh

5341 /usr/sbin/sshd
 5864 /usr/bin/ssh-agent x-session-manager
 6289 ssh oldbox
 7126 ssh [email protected] 


  • ps : Command name
  • -ewwo pid,args : -e option force to select all running processes. -o option is used to specify user-defined format. In our case we are forcing to display only program pid and its arguments. Finally -w option specifies wide output. Use this option twice for unlimited width.
  • grep [s]sh : We are just filtering out sshd string

3 comment

  1. if you want to see whether a process is running on your environment or not just go to your terminal and type a command on CLI
    ([email protected])# ps -ef | grep process_name
    Here ps -ef used for displaying of all running process
    grep is used for searching purpose here grep process_name search the process

    ps -ef will be input to grep process_name by using pipesymbol

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