The Debian Linux version 7 (codenamed “Wheezy”) support ended on 31st May 2018. It was initial release on May 4, 2013. Each LTS ( initial release on May 4, 2013) support lasts for five years. It means Debian project will not provide any security updates for Debian 7. As Debian Linux 7 Long Term support ends, hence you must upgrade your system to keep it secure. This page list all essentials steps to update your system from Debian 7 to Debian 8.
Debian Linux 7 Long Term Support reached
From the announcement page
The LTS Team will prepare the transition to Debian 8 “Jessie”, which is the current oldstable release. The LTS team will take over support from the Security Team on June 17, 2018.
Debian 8 will also receive Long Term Support for five years after its initial release with support ending on June 30, 2020. The supported architectures include amd64, i386, armel and armhf.
How to upgrade from Debian 7 “Wheezy” to Debian 8 “Jessie”
The following are recommendations for upgrading from Debian 7 “Wheezy” LTS to Debian 8 “Jessie” LTS. First, you must keep backup of all critical data including configuration files, user data, and RDBMS data.
Step 1. Update your /etc/apt/sources.list
Use a text editor such as vim command or nano command:
$ sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
Update it as follows:
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian jessie main
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security jessie/updates main
Save and close the file.
Step 2. Update your system
Type the following apt-get command:
$ sudo apt-get update
Step 3. Install apt from Jessie
Type the following apt-get command:
$ sudo apt-get install apt -t jessie
Step 4. Upgrade your system
Now you can use the apt command:
$ sudo apt upgrade
Step 5. Upgrade your system and remove obsolete packages
Run the following apt command:
$ sudo apt dist-upgrade
You might see prompts and update for configuration files. Apply them as needed. Review all changes carefully.
Step 6. Reboot the Linux box
Run the following command to reboot the Linux server/desktop or laptop:
$ sudo reboot
$ sudo shutdown -r 0
Step 7. Verify it
Type the following command to see your Linux kernel version:
$ uname -mrs
$ uname -a
See your Debian Linux distribution version and other info using cat command:
$ cat /etc/debian_version
Check all your log files on Linux box for any errors using either tail command or grep command:
$ tail -f /var/log/dmesg
$ egrep 'warn|error|critical' /path/to/log/file
Make sure all services are running and required ports are open too:
$ sudo netstat -tulpn
$ sudo ss -tulpn
$ ping cyberciti.biz
$ host cyberciti.biz
$ ps aux | more
$ ps aux | grep apache
The Debian Long Term Support (LTS) Team announced that Debian 7 “Wheezy” support had reached its end-of-life on May 31, 2018. You just learned how to upgrade your version to next Debian 8 LTS version. I strongly suggest that you visit this page for more info and this page for upgrading existing Debian 8 to Debian 9.
|Category||List of Unix and Linux commands|
|Firewall||Alpine Awall • CentOS 8 • OpenSUSE • RHEL 8 • Ubuntu 16.04 • Ubuntu 18.04 • Ubuntu 20.04|
|Network Utilities||dig • host • ip • nmap|
|OpenVPN||CentOS 7 • CentOS 8 • Debian 10 • Debian 8/9 • Ubuntu 18.04 • Ubuntu 20.04|
|Package Manager||apk • apt|
|Processes Management||bg • chroot • cron • disown • fg • jobs • killall • kill • pidof • pstree • pwdx • time|
|Searching||grep • whereis • which|
|User Information||groups • id • lastcomm • last • lid/libuser-lid • logname • members • users • whoami • who • w|
|WireGuard VPN||Alpine • CentOS 8 • Debian 10 • Firewall • Ubuntu 20.04|