Linux, FreeBSD, and Unix-like systems are multi-user and need some way of authenticating individual users. Back in the old days, this was done in different ways. You need to change each Unix application to use different authentication scheme. Also, authentication schemes differed between a variant of Unix systems. Porting was a nightmare. For example to use Windows Server (Active Directory) or LDAP for authentication you need to make changes to an application. Each application had its way of authenticating users. So Open Group lead to the development of PAM for the Unix-like system. Today Linux, FreeBSD, MacOS X and many other Unix-like systems are configured to use a centralized authentication mechanism called Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM). The book “PAM Mastery” deals with the black magic of PAM.
Yup, sad but truth:
And we have “Wisdom of the Ancients” too from XKCD
Well, that was fast. Touch ID is a fingerprint recognition security feature, designed and released by Apple. It is currently available on the iPhone 5s/6/7 and Macbook pro-2016 editions. Many consider it as a huge security win for the MacBook Pro’s. This sounds amazing feature for command line users.
Say hello to sudo-touchid
sudo-touchid is a fork of sudo with Touch ID support on macOS (powered by the LocalAuthentication framework). Once compiled, it will allow you to authenticate sudo commands with Touch ID in the Terminal on supported Macs (such as the late 2016 MacBook Pros). Since Darwin sources for macOS 10.12 are not available yet, this project is based on sudo sources corresponding to OS X 10.11.6 and obtained from opensource.apple.com.
Please do give your best thoughts and prayers for the servers. Thank you ;)
Here are interns in our office. They are working hard to fix server problems on national cat day ;)
We did receive some additional trouble tickets though. Tom’s TT read as follows,
I haven’t been able to find my mouse since the new intern fixed my computer.
Here is a humorous take on age old Windows vs. Linux fanboy battel:
Here is a geeky joke for you:
I was dressed up as an UDP packet for the Halloween. I don’t think anyone got it, but I couldn’t tell.
Have a great Halloween :D
So I wanted to know the oldest file on my Debian Linux box.
find / -type f -printf '%T+ %p\n' | sort | head -n 1
Here is an another example for /etc/
find /etc/ -type f -printf '%T+ %p\n' | sort | head -n 10
So find command finds all files in / and print it with a special format. The %T+ (in -printf) means file’s last modification date and time in separated by +, for example ‘2004-04-28+22:22:05.0’. This is a GNU extension and may not work on other BSD/find or any other version of find. The %p indicts the file name. The sort command sorted input and passed it to head to display the oldest file on my GNU/Linux system. The sort command sorted input and passed it to head to display the oldest file on my GNU/Linux system. Cool, eh?
(Credit: Ubuntu forums).
From the article:
I have two internet connections (fiber and 4G LTE) configured in load balanced mode using pfSense FreeBSD based firewall. One of my wan connection is running out of bandwidth quota. How can I force and turn off this interface to save bandwidth until month end and enable it again from next billing cycle?