Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference has been released and available for download from the official (authors’) website. This guide is written by Keir Thomas and he claims that it is a totally unique and concise guide for everyday Ubuntu user.
Excellent article! It explains how programs are laid out in memory.
From the blog post:
Memory management is the heart of operating systems; it is crucial for both programming and system administration. In the next few posts Iâ€™ll cover memory with an eye towards practical aspects, but without shying away from internals. While the concepts are generic, examples are mostly from Linux and Windows on 32-bit x86. This first post describes how programs are laid out in memory. Each process in a multi-tasking OS runs in its own memory sandbox. This sandbox is the virtual address space, which in 32-bit mode is always a 4GB block of memory addresses.
=> Anatomy of a Program in Memory
I’m having some weird problem with Firefox 3.0.4 under Ubuntu Linux. My test server runs inside VMWare server version 2.0. It was working fine with my Laptop. But with my desktop it started to dump errors for me. when I try to open the console of a virtual machine I have following error:
The second of two planned Release Candidates for the FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE cycle is now available. ISO images for Tier-1 architectures are now available on most of the FreeBSD mirror sites.
The freebsd-update(8) utility supports binary upgrades of i386 and amd64
systems running earlier FreeBSD releases. Systems running 7.0-RELEASE,
7.1-RELEASE, 7.2-BETA1, or 7.2-RC1 can upgrade as follows:
# freebsd-update upgrade -r 7.2-RC2
During this process, FreeBSD Update may ask the user to help by merging
some configuration files or by confirming that the automatically performed
merging was done correctly.
# freebsd-update install
The system must be rebooted with the newly installed kernel before continuing.
# shutdown -r now
After rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to install the new
userland components, and the system needs to be rebooted again:
# freebsd-update install
# shutdown -r now
Linus Torvalds, Linux’s creator, dislikes the GNOME desktop. There was a big flame war(s) between Linus Torvalds and the GNOME community. At one point he claimed that – “Gnome seems to be developed by interface Nazis and that its developers believe their users are idiots“. And guess what? Who made the switch to Gnome?
Some time ago ext4 was released and available for Linux kernel. ext4 provides some additional benefits and perforce over ext3 file system. You can easily convert ext3 to ext4 file system. The next release of Fedora, 11, will default to the ext4 file system unless serious regressions are seen. In this quick tutorial you will learn about converting ext3 to ext4 file system.
VSFTPD supports virtual users with PAM (pluggable authentication modules). A virtual user is a user login which does not exist as a real login on the system in /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow file. Virtual users can therefore be more secure than real users, because a compromised account can only use the FTP server but cannot login to system to use other services such as ssh or smtp.
This example shows how you might set up a large internet facing FTP site for distributing file or software updates. The emphasis will be on security and performance. VSFTPD will make sure only world-readable files and directories are served to the world via anonymous / ftp account. You force to originates FTP port connections from a secure port – so users on the FTP server cannot try and fake file content. You will hide the FTP server user IDs and just display ftp in directory listings. This is also a performance boost. Set a 40000-60000 port range for passive connections. This will help firewall setup.
Vsftpd FTP server supports secure connections via SSL / TLS, same encryption used with online banking and shopping. This applies to the control connection (including login) and also data connections. You will need a ftp client with SSL support too. In this post, I am going to show you how To configure vsftpd to yse SSL/TLS on a CentOS or Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) version 5.x/6.x to secure communication.
The Courier mail server is a mail transfer agent (MTA) server that provides ESMTP, IMAP, POP3, webmail, and mailing list services with individual components. But, it is best known for its IMAP / IMAPs and POP3 / POP3s (secure version) server component.
Courier can provides support for both regular UNIX operating system account (stored in /etc/passwd) and virtual mail account managed by third party backends such as OpenLDAP, MySQL and so on.
In this quick tutorial, you will learn about installing Courier IMAP SSL digital certificate.