Apache give each user their own cgi-bin directory

Posted on in Categories News last updated January 19, 2006

Apache has public_html directory support. With this you specify the name of the directory which is appended onto a user’s home directory if a ~user request is received. For example http://domain.com/~rocky/file.html will be rocky’s home directory /home/rocky/public_html/file.html. Recently I took small part time job to setup web server for university. I want to give every student access to cgi-bin so that they can use perl. I don’t wanna give everyone access to /var/www/cgi-bin or /usr/lib/cgi-bin directory. ScriptAliases enables documents in the cgi-bin directory treated as applications and run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the client. So first I did setup ScriptAlias. However it was not working.
So all students was able to see each others perl source code 🙁 so I was called again to fix this problem. After searching little bit, I found solution from offical Apache docs. So I modified httpd.conf and added following two directives to /home/*/public_html/cgi-bin section:

Options ExecCGI
SetHandler cgi-script

At the end final entry looked like as follows:

<Directory /home/*/public_html/cgi-bin>
Options ExecCGI
SetHandler cgi-script
</Directory>

Then I restarted apache and it worked like a charm. See Apache document Dynamic Content with CGI. Update: As pointed out by Randal you just need to add above four lines.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

2 comment

  1. Doing it this way means that you can’t have ordinary files, because all executables are treated as CGI programs, and all non-executables are treated as 500 errors!

    Perhaps what you should have done is created a subdirectory under each public_html called “cgi-bin”.
    Then you could have added:

    <Directory /home/*/public_html/cgi-bin>
    Options ExecCGI
    SetHandler cgi-script
    </Directory>

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