FreeBSD > Init to reboot or shutdown system

in Categories News last updated February 23, 2005

FreeBSD init works different ways. In BSD style, it specifies the kernel security level as follows:
-1: Permanently insecure mode.
0: Insecure mode
1: Secure mode
2: Highly secure mode
3: Network secure mode

You can get current security level (FreeBSD runlevel) using sysctl command:
# sysctl –a | grep kern.securelevel

You can setup new security level in /etc/rc.conf file:
1) Open file in text editor
# vi /etc/rc.conf

2) Add or modify following:
kern_securelevel_enable=”YES” # kernel security level
kern_securelevel=”2″ # range: -1..3 as above

3) Save the changes. Exit and restart FreeBSD.

If init used from command line i.e as a user process, init will emulate AT&T System V UNIX behavior as follows:

0: Halt and turn the power off
1: Go to single-user mode
6: Reboot the machine
c: Block further logins
q: Rescan the /etc/ttys file

1) To halt and turn the power off type:
# init 0

2) You can also use normal halt or shutdown command to shutdown system.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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