tcpd is use as a access control facility for internet services. It can be set up to monitor incoming requests for telnet, sshd, finger, ftp, exec, rsh, rlogin, tftp, talk, comsat and other services that have a one-to-one mapping onto executable files.

These days almost all leading Linux distros network services are linked against libwrap.a in order to take advantage of the tcpwrappers access control facility.

However some time few services (especially third party apps) does not link itself against libwrap.

You can easily find out if particler installed network service is NOT linked against libwrap.s / tcpd using strings command.

strings command print the strings of printable characters in files especially binary files thus strings is mainly useful for determining the contents of non-text / binary files.

For example find out if sshd network service can use tcpd or not:
$ strings $(which sshd)| grep libwrap
libwrap refuse returns

Above output, clearly indicate that sshd is linked against libwrap.s / tcpd (TCPWrapper) service. See how to use tcpd to restrict ssh access.

Sean pointed out ldd command:
$ ldd /usr/sbin/sshd | grep -i libwrapOR# ldd $(which sshd) | grep -i libwrap
Output: => /lib/ (0x40020000)

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🐧 2 comments so far... add one
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2 comments… add one
  • Sean Sep 12, 2006 @ 19:33

    There’s also ldd:

    $ ldd /usr/sbin/sshd | grep wrap => /usr/lib/ (0x00cc3000)


  • 🐧 nixCraft Sep 12, 2006 @ 19:38

    Thanks for pointing out ldd.

    Appreciate your post.

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