Lighttpd Mediawiki wiki SEO rules and installation

MediaWiki is a web-based wiki software application used by famous wikipedia project. This software is quite famous and scales very well.

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Installing mediawiki under Lighttpd is quite simple. If you need clean SEO urls; just follow these instructions.

Download and install wiki software in your domain directory. For example install software under /home/lighttpd/theos.in/http/w directory.

Download mediawiki

Visit official site to download latest version or use wget command:
$ cd /home/lighttpd/theos.in/http
$ wget http://download.wikimedia.org/mediawiki/1.9/mediawiki-1.9.3.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf mediawiki-1.9.3.tar.gz
$ mv mediawiki-1.9.3 w

Make sure you have correct permissions to store configuration file:
$ cd w
$ chmod a+w config

Install mediawiki

Open a web browser and install mediawiki by visiting url yourdomain.com/w/ i.e. http://theos.in/w/. When done copy config/LocalSettings.php file to /home/lighttpd/theos.in/http/w directory:
$ mv config/LocalSettings.php .

Configure Mediawiki lighttpd SEO rules

Open lighttpd.conf file:
# vi /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
Locate your virtual domain configuration and add following code:
url.rewrite-once = ( "^/wiki/([^?]*)(?:\?(.*))?$" => "/w/index.php?title=$1&$2" )
url.redirect = ( "^/(?!w|wiki|robots\.txt|favicon\.ico)(.*)" => "/wiki/$1" )

Save and close the file. Restart lighttpd:
# /etc/init.d/lighttpd restart

Configure Mediawiki for clean SEO urls

Open /home/lighttpd/theos.in/http/w/LocalSettings.php file:
$ vi LocalSettings.php
Append following config directive:
$wgArticlePath = "/wiki/$1";

Save close the file. Fire a web-browser and type url yourdomain.com/wiki/ i.e. http://theos.in/wiki/.

References:

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3 comments… add one
  • joshua May 1, 2007 @ 4:52

    This howto does not work. I get 404 and I’m pretty sure the rewrite itself work. BTW you can put the url.rewrite-once anywhere to your config. I have no idea what’s the problem.

  • Fr3d May 18, 2007 @ 20:29

    Good guide, thanks 🙂 – however the redirect rule seems incorrect – should it not be redirecting to /wiki/$1, not /w/$1, as that’s where the files were moved to? 😉

  • 🐧 nixCraft May 18, 2007 @ 21:23

    Fr3d,

    I’ve installed wikimedia in /w/ directory, so so it is correct. Basically instead of serving page from domain.com/w/Main_page I’m using domain.com/wiki/Main_page but my user registration and posting is done via domain.com/w/index.php?option url 🙂

    Appreciate your post!

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