How do I mount file system with an alternative superblock under Linux operating systems?
Mount command by default use block 1. However, you can force the mount to use specific superblock. Use the following syntax:
mount -o sb=alternative-superblock /dev/sdaX /mnt
mount sb=alternative-superblock /dev/hdaX /mnt
From the man page:
Instead of block 1, use block n as superblock. This could be
useful when the filesystem has been damaged. (Earlier, copies
of the superblock would be made every 8192 blocks: in block 1,
8193, 16385, … (and one got thousands of copies on a big
filesystem). Since version 1.08, mke2fs has a -s (sparse
superblock) option to reduce the number of backup superblocks,
and since version 1.15 this is the default. Note that this may
mean that ext2 filesystems created by a recent mke2fs cannot be
mounted r/w under Linux 2.0.*.) The block number here uses 1k
units. Thus, if you want to use logical block 32768 on a
filesystem with 4k blocks, use “sb=131072”.
Thus, if you want to use logical block 32768 on a filesystem with 4k blocks, use “sb=131072”, type command as follows:
# mount -o sb=131072 /dev/hda2 /mnt
For more information see Surviving a Linux Filesystem Failures tip to determine alternative superblock.