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Quick way to switch from KDE to GNOME or viceversa

This tip is submitted by reader Zacharie:

switchdesk is the command to switch from KDE to GNOME or viceversa. This command provides a simple method of choosing between the various desktop environments available under Fedora Core, Cent OS and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

If X Windows is running, switchdesk will bring up a dialog box which allows the user to choose between the available desktops installed on the system.

Task: To switch from GNOME to KDE, use the command

$ switchdesk kde

Task: To switch from KDE to GNOME, use the command

$ switchdesk gnome

Please note that file ~/.Xclients, ~/.Xclients-default stores the currently selected desktop.

A note about other distros/BSD

switchdesk is RedHat and friends only command. If you are using different Linux distribution or FreeBSD, open ~/.xinitrc file and type full path to your desktop manager. For example, to use xfce4 desktop:
$ vi .xinitrc
Append following line (your path may be different use, which command to get exact path):

Save and close the file. Enjoy new desktop.

While login you will see option for different desktops (provided that all of them are installed). Usually this is located below Username / password box or lower left button. Just select appropriate desktop (KDE/XFC4 etc).

Load KDE while running Gnome

You can load KDE while running Gnome desktop (thanks to sweta for pointing it out):
Just open your gnome terminal and type the command:
$ startkde &

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{ 18 comments… add one }
  • n00b September 7, 2006, 11:03 pm

    excellent tip. I am using fedora core 5 and switch desk is good for swithing desktops

  • ubuntus September 8, 2006, 8:48 pm

    any way this can be used on any of the UBUNTU variants?

  • Alejandro September 9, 2006, 12:11 am

    great tip…but it’s “X Window” isn’t it?

  • Homericious September 9, 2006, 4:00 am

    Foul! Doesn’t work! Command isn’t found and can’t be installed via “apt-get”. Not a standard X command!

  • nick September 10, 2006, 7:34 pm

    I’d like to see Gnome and KDE Running at the same time using XGL – imagine ctrl and the desktop swizzles round in all its XGL glory with a different desktops on different faces of the cube. That would be really sweet!

  • delfick September 12, 2006, 10:38 am

    once using the startkde command, how do I close kde and return to gnome?

    also it doesn’t close gnome, as i can still see and use the gnome-panel

    also, would it even be possible to have kde on one face of the cube, and gnome on the other?

  • Skyler Sully February 28, 2007, 5:17 am

    Well, I know this is a little late and wrong, but the answer to quitting kde after you start it with the startkde command is:

    > kdeinit_shutdown

  • charl January 13, 2009, 8:26 pm

    you didnt answer all the questions and problems, I also dont have the switchdesk command on my system

  • jec January 22, 2009, 8:50 am

    Thanks! worked perfectly!

  • John Doe January 24, 2009, 5:47 pm

    The problem I have is that Fedora 10 is telling me:
    bash: switchdesk: command not found

  • 2pac February 1, 2009, 2:34 pm

    John Doe: as root, run: yum install switchdesk
    Press “Y” when you get asked to install packages…

    Then you will have switchdesk :)

  • Mukul April 24, 2009, 12:39 pm

    How to know through command line which GUI i m in linux ..

    Like If i am using KDE, it should say it

  • zouhei December 2, 2009, 3:58 pm

    thank you so much for this article , it helped me a lot in my school work

  • Jake January 6, 2011, 6:59 pm

    @ Homericious

    Same thing happening over here.

  • jitender April 27, 2011, 9:59 am

    i have redhat5. how can i install vlc player

  • Gonz August 30, 2011, 4:11 pm

    i can’t quit kde using de command kdeinit_shutdown. it says: Warning: connect() failed: : No such file or directory
    Error: Can’t contact kdeinit!

    what should i do?

  • pravin wanjal January 10, 2012, 11:01 am

    really its nice…

  • pravin wanjal January 10, 2012, 11:02 am

    the command switchdesk gnome didnt worked correctly what should i do?

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