Seagate Barracuda: 1.5TB Hard Drive Launched

Posted on in Categories Business, data center, Data recovery, File system, Hardware, Linux, Linux desktop, Storage, Sys admin, UNIX last updated October 21, 2008

Wow, this is a large size desktop hard disk for storing movies, tv shows, music / mp3s, and photos. You can also load multiple operating systems using vmware or other software for testing purpose. This hard disk comes with 5 year warranty and can transfer at 300MB/s. But, How reliable is the 1.5TB hard disk?

Track Stolen Laptop / Mac With Free Open Source Adeona Software

Posted on in Categories Download of the day, GNU/Open source, Links, Linux, Linux laptop, Networking, OS X, Windows, windows vista last updated September 25, 2008

With the growing ubiquity of, and user reliance on, mobile computing devices (laptops, PDAs, smart phones, etc.), loss or theft of a device is increasingly likely, disruptive, and costly. Using Adeona open source software you can track your stolen Mac / PC laptop running Windows or Linux operating system.

Humor: Unusual data disaster horror stories for 2007

Posted on in Categories Data recovery, Hardware, Humor last updated December 7, 2007

Ontrack data recovery service has posted unusual data disaster horror stories for 2007. From the article:

An ant-infested hard drive and a failing parachute top a list of data disaster horror stories for 2007.

The list, provided by Kroll Inc.’s Ontrack Data Recovery unit, illustrates some of the strangest and wackiest things that people put electronic storage devices through on a regular basis.

Putting drives in the washing machine. Using oil to stop them from squeaking. These are just two examples of the user bloopers the company’s engineers nominated for inclusion on the list. Remarkably, Kroll data recovery specialists were able to recover the data in both instances.

=> Most unusual data disaster horror stories for 2007 [ via slashdot ]

Does Ubuntu Linux kill / shorten hard disk life?

Posted on in Categories Ask nixCraft, File system, Hardware, Linux, Linux laptop, Ubuntu Linux last updated November 18, 2007

I got lots of emails asking about Ubuntu Linux and hard disk issue. Does it really shorten hard disk life?

Noop.

Unfortunately, some news and blogs reported news wrongly. Ubuntu doesn’t touch your hard drive power management settings by default. In almost all cases, it’s more likely to be your BIOS or the firmware on your hard drive (source).

Check out this official bug report for more information. On a related note, always consider backing up hard disk / data on regular basis.

Test If Linux Server SCSI / SATA Hard Disk Going Bad

Posted on in Categories CentOS, Debian Linux, File system, Gentoo Linux, Howto, Linux, Linux distribution, Sys admin, Tips, Troubleshooting, Ubuntu Linux last updated June 2, 2017

One of our regular reader sends us a question:
   How can I test if my hard disk is going bad? I see few errors in /var/log/messages file.
I/O errors in /var/log/messages indicates that something is wrong with the hard disk and it may be failing. You can check hard disk for errors using smartctl command, which is control and monitor utility for SMART disks under Linux / UNIX like operating systems.

March 6, 2007 : nixCraft FAQ Roundup

Posted on in Categories FAQ last updated March 6, 2007

Recently updated/posted Linux and UNIX FAQ:

nixCraft FAQ Roundup – Dec 8, 2008

Posted on in Categories FAQ last updated December 8, 2006

Recently updated/posted Linux and UNIX FAQ:

=> Boot Ubuntu Linux into Rescue mode to fix system – How do I boot my Ubuntu Linux server into Rescue mode to fix system?

=> Unable to create installation source – Add directories into YaST as an installation source – I have created my own patch files on the hard drive. How do I add all those directories into Suse Linux YaST as an installation source?

=> How to uninstall GRUB – How do I uninstall GRUB using old good MS-DOS fdisk or Linux/UNIX dd command?

=> Can I run fsck or e2fsck when Linux file system is mounted? Can I run run fsck/e2fsc on a live Linux file system?

=> Configure Sendmail SSL encryption for sending and receiving email – Configure Sendmail MTA to use SSL encryption for sending/receiving email using valid SSL certificate.

=> Linux configure Network Address Translation or NAT – Old good Linux NAT!

=> Use sudo or sudoers to start, stop & restart Apache – Sudo to stop and/or restart Apache web server!

=> How to install firefox-2.0.tar.gz in Linux – I have downloaded firefox file from mozilla web site to my Linux desktop system. The name of file is firefox-2.0.tar.gz. How do I install firefox-2.0.tar.gz in Fedora Core Linux?

Enjoy!

Monitoring hard disk health with smartd under Linux or UNIX operating systems

Posted on in Categories Howto, Linux, Monitoring, RedHat/Fedora Linux, Suse Linux, Sys admin, Tips, Ubuntu Linux last updated May 3, 2006

smartd is SMART Disk Monitoring Daemon for Linux. SMART is acronym for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) system built into many ATA-3 and later ATA, IDE and SCSI-3 hard drives. The purpose of SMART is to monitor the reliability of the hard drive and predict drive failures, and to carry out different types of drive self-tests.

smartd works with following operating systems:

  1. Linux
  2. *BSD
  3. Windows
  4. Solaris etc

How do I Install smartd?

However, smartd is not installed by default. Following are distribution specific steps to install smartd:

Debian Linux:
# apt-get install smartmontools
Red hat/Fedora Linux:
# rpm –ivh kernel-utils
OR
# up2date kernel-utils
OR if you are using Fedora Linux
# yum kernel-utils
FreeBSD:
# pkg_add -r -v smartmontools

Before configuring hard disk for SMART monitoring make sure your hard disk is SMART capable:
# smartctl -i /dev/hda
Output:

smartctl version 5.34 [i686-pc-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-5 Bruce Allen
Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model:     SAMSUNG SV2002H
Serial Number:    0395J1FR904324
Firmware Version: RA100-04
User Capacity:    20,060,651,520 bytes
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   6
ATA Standard is:  ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 1
Local Time is:    Tue May  2 15:44:09 2006 IST

SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

You can configure the smartd daemon by editing the file /etc/smartd.conf. 

In above output the lines:
SMART support is: Available – device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

Indicates that it is SMART capable and it is enabled.

Configure SMARTD

Debian Linux

  • Enable smart by editing /etc/default/smartmontools file.
  • Smart Configuration file: /etc/smartd.conf
  • Start/Stop smart: /etc/init.d/smartmontools start | stop

Red Hat Linux

  • Enable smart by editing /etc/smartd.conf file.
  • Smart Configuration file: /etc/smartd.conf
  • Start/Stop smart: /etc/init.d/smartd start | stop

FreeBSD

  • Enable smart by editing /etc/rc.conf file (add line smartd_enable=”YES”).
  • Smart Configuration file: /etc/smartd.conf
  • Start/Stop smart: /usr/local/etc/rc.d/smartd.sh start | stop

Example

You can put following directives in Smart Configuration file:
(a) Send an email to [email protected] for /dev/sdb:
/dev/sdb -m [email protected]
(b) Read error log:
# smartctl -l error /dev/hdb
(c) Testing hard disk (short or long test):
# smartctl -t short /dev/hdb
# smartctl -t long /dev/hdb

Caution smartd is a monitoring tool not a backup solution. Always perform data backup.

See also:

  • More information on the smarttool see official home page.
  • Read man page of smartd and smartd.conf for configuration help.