Linux Command Line List ( PDF Version )

last updated in Categories Linux, Shell scripting

This is easy to use Linux command line index. Linux commands divided into categories such as:
=> System information
=> Shutdown
=> Files and Directory
=> File search
=> Mounting a Filesystem
=> Disk Space
=> Users and Groups and others

Linux Commands Line list

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Start and stop VMWARE VPS / virtual machine guest operating system from command line

last updated in Categories Howto, Linux, Linux distribution, RedHat/Fedora Linux, Sys admin, Tips

Vmware server comes with the nifty vmware-cmd utility. It allows an administrator to perform various operations on a virtual machine from Linux command line / shell prompt such as:

=> Stop / Start VM

=> Get VM status

=> Setup variables

=> Powerdown VM and much more

Task: Lists the virtual machines on the local server

You can list all servers and config file, enter:
# vmware-cmd -l
Output:

/nas/vms/Ubuntu/Ubuntu.vmx
/nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx
/nas/vms/OpenBSD/OpenBSD.vmx
/nas/vms/Debian4/Debian4.vmx
/nas/vms/CentOS5/CentOS5.vmx

Turn on VM / Power up VPS

Just pas start option to vmware-cmd,
# vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx start

To stop VM/VPS, enter:
# vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx stop

To reset VM/VPS, enter:
# vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx reset

To suspend VM/VPS, enter:
# vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx suspend

Find out if OpenBSD VM is on or off:
# vmware-cmd /disk2.vmware/vms/OpenBSD/OpenBSD.vmx getstate
Output:

getstate() = off

vmware-cmd offers other options, please consult VMWARE documentation for more information.

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Quickly find out supportable character sets, currency and numeric formats in Linux

last updated in Categories Howto, Linux, Linux desktop

A quick way to get locale-specific information is use locale command. The locale program writes information about the current locale environment such as:

=> Character classification and case conversion.

=> Date and time formats.

=> Numeric formats

=> Currency symbols

=> Measurement units and much more

When invoked without arguments, locale summarizes the current locale environment for each locale category defined by the LC_* environment variables.
$ locale
Output:

LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ALL=

You can print the coded character sets known using following command:
$ iconv --list

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