A few years ago Novell conducted an online public survey to determine which MS-Windows apps need to be ported on Linux desktop. Adobe Photoshop and other graphics application that user want ported to Linux. However, Linux comes with the sheer numbers of open source software projects produced by the community. You may overwhelmed by the choices available under Linux and not know where to begin.
I was going though my server logs / Google Analytics settings and found that over 60% users are on MS-Windows. However, each and every month visitors are switching to Firefox or Google browser and so on. So I would like to know your reasons for making switch from IE to another browser. Why did you switch and which browser did you switch to?
Another clueless woman has claimed that Dell computer and Ubuntu Linux have kept her from going back to school via online classes. According to a story – a woman bought a Dell computer and realized she ordered it with the Ubuntu Operating System rather than MS-Windows. She tried to change OS to Windows but Dell refused. Her Verizon High-Speed Internet CD won’t load, so she can’t access the internet. She also can’t install Microsoft Word, which she says is a requirement for MATC’s online classes. As a result, with no internet and no Microsoft Word, Schubert dropped out of MATC’s fall and spring semesters. The full story is here including followup.
Now, I’ve no idea about Verizon’s modem and DSL connection but most A/DSL provider modem (router) comes with an Ethernet port. There is no need to use wizard or CD based installer. Other software such as MS-Word can be replaced with OO (I submitted all my school work using OO office writer and no one noticed the difference… ). Further both Verizon and MATC ready to help:
Verizon says it will dispatch a technician to try to assist her accessing the internet without using the Windows-only installation disk.
MATC also says it promises to accept any of Schubert’s papers or class documents using whatever software she has installed.
So what is the problem here?
Under Linux / UNIX it is very easy to find out all running services and shutdown unwanted services. All you have to do it go through the following directories or configuration files:
You can also use tools such as CentOS / RHEL ntsysv tool / Debian / Ubuntu service configuration tool. Ultimately, netstat command always displays a list of all open ports:
# netstat -tulpn
Controlling Services under MS Windows Server
Shutting down services under Windows Vista or Server 2003 is not straightforward. Microsoft allows different ways to start an application at system startup or user login which results into a true messy system. MSConfig utility bundled with Windows Me and XP does a good job but it is not sufficient. There is a nice utility called Autorun:
This utility, which has the most comprehensive knowledge of auto-starting locations of any startup monitor, shows you what programs are configured to run during system bootup or login, and shows you the entries in the order Windows processes them. These programs include ones in your startup folder, Run, RunOnce, and other Registry keys. You can configure Autoruns to show other locations, including Explorer shell extensions, toolbars, browser helper objects, Winlogon notifications, auto-start services, and much more. Autoruns goes way beyond the MSConfig utility bundled with Windows Me and XP.
Autoruns’ Hide Signed Microsoft Entries option helps you to zoom in on third-party auto-starting images that have been added to your system and it has support for looking at the auto-starting images configured for other accounts configured on a system. Also included in the download package is a command-line equivalent that can output in CSV format, Autorunsc.
Use autoruns utility to manage all startup programs under Windows. You’ll probably be surprised at how many executables are launched automatically!
(Fig. 01: Autoruns in Action)