Ubuntu Linux: Creating ethernet alias for eth0 network device

last updated in Categories Howto, Networking, Ubuntu Linux

Q. I am using Ubuntu Linux and I would like to know how to create alias for eth0 so that I can have multiple IP address?


A. To create alias for eth0 use ifconfig command. It is use to configure a network interface and aliases.

Assuming that your eth0 IP is and you would like to create an alias eth0:0 with IP Type the following command:

sudo ifconfig eth0:0 up


sudo /sbin/ifconfig eth0:0 up

Verify that alias is up and running using following two command(s):

ping your-getway-ip

Permanent configuration

Your ethernet configuration is located in a file called /etc/network/interfaces. If you reboot system you will lost your alias. To make it permanent you need to add it network configuration file:

gksudo gedit /etc/network/interfaces


sudo vi /etc/network/interfaces

Append the following configuration:

auto eth0:0
iface eth0:0 inet static
name Ethernet alias LAN card

Save the file and restart system or restart the network:

sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

Please note that you can also use graphical tools located at System > Administration > Networking menu. Or use the following GUI tool to setup aliases, hostname, dns settings etc:

sudo network-admin

If you want more network aliases, use eth0:1, eth0:2, eth0:N (max upto 254).

See also:


Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

27 comment

    1. Hello,

      I’m having a strange problem when adding eth0:2 to /etc/network/interfaces, when I try and restart the networking service the machine tries to reload the configuration and gets stuck there, the only way to bring networking back is removing the eth0:2 instances from the file and restarting (service restart won’t work after this happens the first time)

      If I simply bring up eth0:2 temporarily it doesn’t give me any problems.

      Any ideas?


  1. What if you don’t use a permanent ip address and
    rely on DHCP to assign the IP address?

    Is this correct?
    sudo ifconfig eth0 up

    Do I need to setup dhcp?

  2. what does mean this line:
    name Ethernet alias LAN card

    i look into man interfaces, but can’t found about name syntax


  3. Hi All,
    This is a very good site to linux learner.But how can i post my query to get resolution.

  4. When creating an alias, must it be in the same subnetwork?
    To explain better, if my ip address id, the alias must be 1.1.1.x or can it be 2.x.x.x?


  5. Why we can’t use more than 254 aliases on a NIC?
    If i am using 2 NICs in my box, will the max. limit be 508?

  6. Hello,

    Can I manually add IP to /etc/network/interfaces ?
    Can someone post an example of multiple IP addresses on one NIC ?


  7. Hell there. I am a new Linux user, more specifically Ubuntu. I was confused what was meant be the following line – “name Ethernet alias LAN card”. Is this the physical device name or just eth0?

    Any help with this would be great thanks.

  8. That is exactly what I have in my file… including the auto eth0:0. However, it looks like the auto is not that automatic on a reboot. Have you had problems on a reboot? Wondering because I’ve seen many people running in the problem of the 2nd IP disappearing after the machine is restarted.

    Thank you, Alexis

  9. I have the same problem as Alexis Wike, Did anyone come up with a solution for this. After reboot the eth0:0 does not comeup. The auto eth0:0 line is there in the file but it seems that it does nothing. Thanks

  10. Hi all,


    Can you please tell me why there is limit to create an alias for NIC?

    How many IP’s we can assign to a single NIC any Why???

    Mitter Singh Thakur
    System Admin
    +91-7737603000 | +91-8890152367 | mitter1989@gmail.com

  11. Mitter,

    Yes. The limit is something like 254. It one byte. 0 and 255 cannot be used or something like that.


  12. The reason you may be having problems w/ AUTO on an alias is that you are not allowed to use anything other than the default subnet for the ip range in question.

    (Example: 10.x.x.x uses a default subnet of If you try to assign any other subnet mask to the aliased ip, it won’t let you, and will take down the interface instantly. (Also true if you use ifconfig to assign the netmask).

    Kind of ruins the point needing things like a server w/ several 10.x.x subnets, and forces one to use 192.168 addresses for

    Which would be fine if one didn’t already have a complex subnetted 10.x.x.x set of ranges in place because 192.168 doesn’t have enough subnets.

    Really annoying that.

  13. This thread is a little stale I guess but it’s the closest I could find…

    For those having issues with their aliases not coming up automatically on reboot, I’ve discovered that if the “root” interface ethx with no alias is not brought up, the aliases do not get configured.

    I fixed this by adding this lone entry only to my /etc/network/interfaces :
    auto ethx

    This worked under Ubuntu 12.04 at least.

  14. How do I bind an entire /22 in Ubuntu 16 server?

    right now I have this in interfaces:

    auto eno1
    iface eno1 inet static
    address xxx.xxx.16.2
    network xxx.xxx.16.0
    broadcast xxx.xxx.19.255
    gateway xxx.xxx.16.1
    # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed
    dns-search domain.com

    I need to bind the full /22. I can only ping the .2 right now.

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