Uninstall files installed from a source code tar ball on Linux or Unix

Posted on in Categories Debian Linux, File system, FreeBSD, GNU/Open source, Howto, Linux, RedHat/Fedora Linux, Solaris, Suse Linux, Tips, Ubuntu Linux, UNIX last updated December 24, 2005

Installing software from a source code is common practice in Linux and Unix world. Some time this is preferred method because it gives all power and flexibility you need to optimize your software such as MySQL, PHP, Apache and more. However, uninstalling files installed from a source code tar ball can be a big headache.

Two methods can be used to uninstall files:

Method # 1: make command

Use the make command to uninstall or equivalent supported command to uninstall files. You need to read INSTALL or README file in source code to find out more about this method.

# make uninstall

This method sounds very easy but not supported by all tar balls make file.

Method # 2: find command

First, make a list of all files on the system before installing software i.e. a pre-installation list of all files on your system:

find /* > packgetlist.b4

Next compile and install the software (use configure & make to compile it):

./configure --option=1 --foo=bar etc
make
make install

Now, make a list of all files on the system after installing software i.e. postinstall list:

find /* > packagelist.after

Finally compare both lists using the diff utility to find out what files are placed where. This list can be use to uninstall all files installed using source tar ball.
diff packagelist.b4 packagelist.after > package.uninstall.list
Say, if you wish to uninstall files then you need to get list of files from package.uninstall.list file. Use the following small for loop at shell prompt to remove all files:

for i in $(grep ">" package.uninstall.list | awk '{ print $2 }')
do
 /bin/rm -fi "$i"
done

A note about binary packages

If you are using a Debian / Ubuntu Linux, use the following apt-get command to uninstall binary package:
sudo apt-get remove {package-name}
If you are using a Redhat / RHEL / Fedora / CentOS / Suse Linux, use following yum command to uninstall binary package:
rpm -e {package-name}
OR (mostly Redhat and friends):
yum remove {package-name}

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+.

9 comment

  1. Well it is not *risky* at all. You can simply replace above command find command with following one
    Code:
    find /* > packgetlist.b4

    Replace with
    find /* | grep -v -e ^/proc/ -e ^/tmp/ -e ^/dev/ -e ^/home/ > packgetlist.b4

    Code:
    find /* > packagelist.after
    find /* | grep -v -e ^/proc/ -e ^/tmp/ -e ^/dev/ -e ^/home/ > packagelist.after

    Above command will not include directories /proc, /tmp /dev /home. User can create files in /home or /tmp only so no one else could create file in /usr or somewhere else. So it is totally safe to use this method. We use this method everyday. Before running for loop you better check out file package.uninstall.list and then remove files.

  2. Stoyan,
    Ok you can create Slackware, Red Hat, or Debian packages from source code with checkinstall. However, CheckInstall does not yet allow creating a package without automatically installing it, though this may change in future releases… Anyway, I will post it about it some time later about your suggestion. Thanks for link 😀

  3. Install checkinstall. CheckInstall keeps track of all the files created or
    modified by your installation script (“make install”
    “make install_modules”, “setup”, etc), builds a
    standard binary package and installs it in your
    system giving you the ability to uninstall it with your
    distribution’s standard package management utilities.
    😀

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